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Reconciling interests concerning wildlife and livestock near conservation areas: A model for analysing alternative land uses


  • Chaminuka, Petronella
  • Groeneveld, Rolf A.
  • van Ierland, Ekko C.


Land use decisions are central to both biodiversity conservation and rural development goals at local, national and international levels. Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs), now common in Southern Africa, present an opportunity to address these goals simultaneously. This paper proposes a theoretical spatial land allocation model that enables analysis of alternative scenarios for realising rural development and biodiversity conservation within TFCAs. The model includes socioeconomic and ecological factors such as income, fencing, connectivity, predation and disease costs and allows for clarification of opportunities and tradeoffs in land use. The model demonstrates alternative spatial options for diversification in land use, whilst accommodating the connectivity requirements and endogenous effects of wildlife on other land uses. The model is illustrated using several scenarios which include changes in key parameters, and limitations on total land allocated per land use. Illustrated scenarios show that land allocated to different land uses varies with output prices and costs such as fencing and wildlife damages, resulting in different spatial land use allocations. In addition, total revenue also changes when limitations are placed on land allocated to wildlife and tourism uses. The model can be used to reconcile interests where conservation and agricultural development activities compete for land.

Suggested Citation

  • Chaminuka, Petronella & Groeneveld, Rolf A. & van Ierland, Ekko C., 2014. "Reconciling interests concerning wildlife and livestock near conservation areas: A model for analysing alternative land uses," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 29-38.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:98:y:2014:i:c:p:29-38
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.12.006

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bulte, Erwin H. & Horan, Richard D., 2003. "Habitat conservation, wildlife extraction and agricultural expansion," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 109-127, January.
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    4. Groeneveld, Rolf A., 2010. "Species-specific spatial characteristics in reserve site selection," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(12), pages 2307-2314, October.
    5. Norton-Griffiths, Michael & Southey, Clive, 1995. "The opportunity costs of biodiversity conservation in Kenya," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 125-139, February.
    6. Pradhan, Naresh C. & Leung, PingSun, 2006. "Incorporating sea turtle interactions in a multi-objective programming model for Hawaii's longline fishery," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 216-227, November.
    7. Skonhoft, Anders & Solstad, Jan Tore, 1998. "Investing in Wildlife: Can Wildlife Pay Its Way?," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 7(2), pages 237-262, July.
    8. PID Kinyua & G Cornelis van Kooten & EH Bulte, 2000. "African wildlife policy: protecting wildlife herbivores on private game ranches," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 27(2), pages 227-244, June.
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