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Impact de la rente pétrolière sur la demande des pays frontaliers du Cameroun

Listed author(s):
  • Mireille Ntsama Etoundi

    (CERDI - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - CNRS - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I)

Ce papier examine l’effet des augmentations de la rente pétrolière dans les pays voisins du Cameroun, sur la demande d’exportations de produits alimentaires en provenance du Cameroun. En utilisant le modèle de gravité de commerce sur données de panel, il ressort que les ressources pétrolières des pays frontaliers au Cameroun sont à l’origine de l’intensification des exportations camerounaises en produits alimentaires vers les pays voisins pétroliers. La sensibilité des exportations aux chocs de revenus pétroliers dans les pays partenaires commerciaux apparait significative, positive et robuste aux différentes spécifications économétriques appropriées aux données bilatérales de commerce. L’avantage comparatif du Cameroun dans la production et l’exportation de produits alimentaires dans la sous-région a été examiné, sur le plan qualitatif, par plusieurs travaux récents. Les analyses récentes concluent par exemple que le Cameroun devrait tirer profit de cette demande en produits vivriers et améliorer sa productivité agricole qui est en dessous de ses potentialités (BAD, 2009 ; OCDE, 2011). En renforçant ses capacités d’offre, la pression exercée sur les prix domestiques du fait de l’excédent de demande en provenance de la sous-région devrait graduellement s’atténuer tout en renforçant les gains directs liés de l’activité commerciale transfrontalière.

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File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01027500/document
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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-01027500.

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Date of creation: 28 May 2015
Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01027500
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