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Matching, Cooperation and HIV in the Couple

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  • Jean-Paul Azam

    (TSE - Toulouse School of Economics - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées)

  • Elodie Djemaï

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres)

Abstract

We examine how cooperation within the couple protects the partners from HIVinfection using survey data from Southern Africa. The respective impacts of educationand cooperation on HIV risk for both wives and husbands are estimated in a jointestimation model. We fully discuss and test the conflictual approach of the coupleagainst a cooperative framework derived from a simple matching model. Our findingssuggest that the larger the number of decisions husbands and wives jointly make,the less likely it is that they are infected with HIV. This is robust to assuming thatcooperation is endogenous in the wife equation. Freedom and trust are also significantlyrelated to the likelihood of infection for both partners while the women's views aboutwhether marital violence is acceptable are not. These effects may come from a reducedlikelihood of extramarital affairs among men and women living in more cooperativepartnerships.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Paul Azam & Elodie Djemaï, 2019. "Matching, Cooperation and HIV in the Couple," Working Papers hal-02013529, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-02013529
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02013529
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Couples; Matching; HIV infection; Education; Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I26 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Returns to Education
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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