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Build back better? Long-lasting impact of the 2010 Earthquake in Haiti

Listed author(s):
  • Camille Saint-Macary

    (LEDa - DIAL - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Economie de la mondialisation et du développement - Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Claire Zanuso

    (LEDa - DIAL - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Economie de la mondialisation et du développement - Université Paris-Dauphine)

This paper analyses the long-lasting effects of the 2010 Haiti earthquake on household well-being.Using original longitudinal data and objective geological measures, we estimate the impact over the whole country, and outside the Metropolitan Area of Port-au-Prince with difference-in-difference estimations. As the earthquake hit the country in a very specific area, its capital city, we employ different strategies to address the possible violation of the parallel trend assumption. We provide strong evidence that in Haiti the immediate negative shock has been associated to persistent welfare losses over timeOur results also show that the earthquake has an overall negative long-lasting impact on labour market participation. When we exclude the more specific Metropolitan area, we observe a drop of 3.9 p.p. in the probability to participate to labour market, encumbering the resilient recovery.The disruption of household's livelihood system reduce the probability to recover from the shock without external aid. However, our findings suggest that the assistance program's coverage, even among the most impacted households has been highly variable.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-01388473.

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Date of creation: 27 Oct 2016
Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01388473
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