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Le marché du travail en Haïti après le séisme : quelle place pour les jeunes ?

Author

Listed:
  • François Roubaud

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Constance Torelli

    (INSEE - INSEE)

  • Claire Zanuso

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)

Abstract

In January 2010, Haiti has been hit by the worst earthquake in its dramatic history. It was followed by an unprecedented international mobilization. Since then, a succession of natural disasters has struck the country (floods, epidemics, etc.). At the commemoration of the fourth anniversary of the seism, we examine the place and the role played by the Youth in this context of exception. This paper focuses on the insertion of the Youth on the labour market. Labour markets are the transmission belt between the macroeconomic dynamics and household living conditions, as the job earnings constitute the main households resources in developing countries, especially the poor. The thorough analysis of their situation is guided by a key thread: have they been spared, compared to their elders, whether through family solidarity or through international assistance; or conversely, have the Youth been sacrificed as the generational "weak link". Our analysis is based on the first socioeconomic survey post-earthquake. Conducted at the national level the last quarter of 2012 by the National Statistics Office of Haiti with the scientific support of the authors, the results are available for the first time. To study the dynamics, they are compared with those from a comparable survey conducted in 2007 by the same partners. Our results show that young people, and those from disadvantaged social origin in the first place, were the main victims of the downward adjustment caused by the earthquake. The sharp deterioration of their labour market conditions is not only iniquitous but it also compromises the development of Haiti in the medium term.

Suggested Citation

  • François Roubaud & Constance Torelli & Claire Zanuso, 2018. "Le marché du travail en Haïti après le séisme : quelle place pour les jeunes ?," Working Papers hal-01686680, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01686680
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01686680
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Eduardo Cavallo & Ilan Noy, 2009. "The Economics of Natural Disasters: A Survey," Research Department Publications 4649, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    2. repec:dau:papers:123456789/11229 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Skoufias, Emmanuel, 2003. "Economic Crises and Natural Disasters: Coping Strategies and Policy Implications," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1087-1102, July.
    4. repec:dau:papers:123456789/11273 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. François Roubaud & Mireille Razafindrakoto, 2013. "La satisfaction dans l'emploi. Une mesure de la qualité de l'insertion professionnelle en regard des aspirations," Post-Print hal-01653677, HAL.
    6. Valerie Mueller & Daniel Osgood, 2009. "Long-term Impacts of Droughts on Labour Markets in Developing Countries: Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(10), pages 1651-1662.
    7. Justesen, Michael & Verner, Dorte, 2007. "Factors impacting youth development in Haiti," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4110, The World Bank.
    8. Eduardo Cavallo & Ilan Noy, 2009. "The Economics of Natural Disasters: A Survey," Research Department Publications 4649, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    9. repec:dau:papers:123456789/11360 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Camille Saint-Macary & Claire Zanuso, 2015. "Build back better? Long-lasting impact of the 2010 Earthquake in Haiti," Working Papers DT/2015/15, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    2. Rafael Novella & Claire Zanuso, 2018. "Reallocating children’s time: coping strategies after the 2010 Haiti earthquake," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 8(1), pages 1-32, December.
    3. Scot,Thiago & Rodella,Aude-Sophie, 2016. "Sifting through the Data : labor markets in Haiti through a turbulent decade (2001-2012)," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7562, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labour market; natural disasters; Youth; inequality; social origin; Haïti; Marché du travail; Inégalités; Catastrophes naturelles; Jeunes; origine sociale;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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