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Analisi cluster delle caratteristiche socio-economiche dei comuni dell'Emilia-Romagna: un confronto tra comuni dentro e fuori dal cratere del sisma

Author

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  • Vittorio Piazzi
  • Francesco Pagliacci

    ()

  • Margherita Russo

    ()

Abstract

The soci-economic features of the area hit by the 2012 earthquake in Emilia-Romagna (Italy) represents a first step in building a more comprehensive framework, which could help in better interpreting earthquake effects in both short and medium period. Actually, this analysis falls under that broader field of research, which is aimed at providing counterfactual evaluations of both natural disasters' impacts and the adoption of public policies to support reconstruction. This paper moves from the idea that those municipalities, which lie close to the epicentre of 2012 Emilia-Romagna earthquake, are not particularly homogenous in terms of socio-economic features. Analysing those major differences is a key element in order to assess the way human activities and other specific economic features at municipality level may either increase or limit the effects of an earthquake. Firstly, this paper tackles the problem of properly identifying the boundaries of the area directly hit by the 2012 earthquake. Indeed, different acts have provided different definitions of those boundaries. Eventually, a cluster analysis has been performed covering all municipalities in Emilia-Romagna, according to a set of demographic and economic variables, available at municipality level. This analysis highlights the existence of different typologies of municipalities, even in the area hit by the earthquake. In particular, these results are of particular interest, allowing further assessments on the effects of the earthquake. Actually, according to cluster analysis results, specific counterfactual examples (not hit by the earthquake) will be identified.

Suggested Citation

  • Vittorio Piazzi & Francesco Pagliacci & Margherita Russo, 2015. "Analisi cluster delle caratteristiche socio-economiche dei comuni dell'Emilia-Romagna: un confronto tra comuni dentro e fuori dal cratere del sisma," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0120, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
  • Handle: RePEc:mod:cappmo:0120
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Charlotte Benson & Edward J. Clay, 2004. "Understanding the Economic and Financial Impacts of Natural Disasters," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15025, October.
    2. Barone, Guglielmo & Mocetti, Sauro, 2014. "Natural disasters, growth and institutions: A tale of two earthquakes," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 52-66.
    3. Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, 2010. "Natural Disasters and Human Capital Accumulation," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 24(2), pages 280-302, July.
    4. Eduardo Cavallo & Ilan Noy, 2009. "The Economics of Natural Disasters: A Survey," Research Department Publications 4649, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    5. Eduardo Cavallo & Andrew Powell & Oscar Becerra, 2010. "Estimating the Direct Economic Damages of the Earthquake in Haiti," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(546), pages 298-312, August.
    6. Matthew E. Kahn, 2005. "The Death Toll from Natural Disasters: The Role of Income, Geography, and Institutions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(2), pages 271-284, May.
    7. Eduardo Cavallo & Ilan Noy, 2009. "The Economics of Natural Disasters: A Survey," Research Department Publications 4649, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    8. Eduardo Cavallo & Andrew Powell & Oscar Becerra, 2010. "Estimating the Direct Economic Damages of the Earthquake in Haiti," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(546), pages 298-312, 08.
    9. Albala-Bertrand, J. M., 1993. "Natural disaster situations and growth: A macroeconomic model for sudden disaster impacts," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 21(9), pages 1417-1434, September.
    10. Albala-Bertrand, J. M., 1993. "Political Economy of Large Natural Disasters: With Special Reference to Developing Countries," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287650.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Enrico Giovannetti & Francesco Pagliacci & Silvia Pergetti, 2015. "Il processo della ricostruzione dell’abitare in Emilia," Department of Economics 0067, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
    2. Marco Ranuzzini & Francesco Pagliacci & Margherita Russo, 2015. "L'informatizzazione delle procedure per la ricostruzione: prime evidenze dai contributi concessi per le abitazioni," Department of Economics 0071, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
    3. Ponomarev, Yuri (Пономарев, Юрий), 2015. "The effect of the transfer dynamics of the ruble exchange rate in prices in Russian industries
      [Эффект Переноса Динамики Обменного Курса Рубля В Цены В Российских Отраслях Промышленности]
      ," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 5, pages 53-70.
    4. Francesco Pagliacci & Paola Bertolini, 2015. "Le specificità del sistema agro-alimentare nella ricostruzione post-sisma," Department of Economics 0068, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
    5. Francesco Pagliacci & Paola Bertolini, 2015. "Le specificità del sistema agro-alimentare nella ricostruzione post-sisma," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0125, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
    6. Margherita Russo & Francesco Pagliacci, 2016. "Socio-economic effects of an earthquake:does sub-regional counterfactual sampling matter in estimates? An empirical test on the 2012 Emilia-Romagna earthquake," Department of Economics 0082, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
    7. Enrico Giovannetti & Francesco Pagliacci & Silvia Pergetti, 2015. "Il processo della ricostruzione dell’abitare in Emilia," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0124, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
    8. Margherita Russo & Francesco Pagliacci, 2016. "Socio-economic effects of an earthquake:does sub-regional counterfactual sampling matter in estimates? An empirical test on the 2012 Emilia-Romagna earthquake," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0139, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
    9. Marco Ranuzzini & Francesco Pagliacci & Margherita Russo, 2015. "L'informatizzazione delle procedure per la ricostruzione: prime evidenze dai contributi concessi per le abitazioni," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0127, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cluster analysis; sisma; Emilia-Romagna;

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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