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Innovation and development after the earthquake in Emilia

Author

Listed:
  • Margherita Russo

    ()

  • Paolo Silvestri

    ()

  • Giovanni Bonifati

    ()

  • Elisabetta Gualandri

    ()

  • Francesco Pagliacci

    ()

  • Anna Francesca Pattaro

    ()

  • Alessia Pedrazzol1

    ()

  • Silvia Pergetti
  • Marco Ranuzzini

    ()

  • Manuel Reverberi

    ()

  • Giovanni Solinas

    ()

  • Paola Vezzani

    ()

Abstract

The 2012 earthquake in Emilia-Romagna (Italy) has shaken up the collective understanding on the socioeconomic importance of a vast territory that generates almost 2% of Italian GDP. The area affected by the earthquake is characterized by the presence of important industrial and agricultural districts, and by good practices of local governance that are internationally renowned. Private and public buildings, factories, offices and retail shops, historical and cultural heritage sites have been severely damaged. Not only, but it set in motion transformations in the socio-economic system that might have unexpected consequences and that undermine the quick recovery of the local system: different agents, at different levels, taking individual and collective decisions, generate a cascade of changes that interact with its evolution path. Indeed, earthquakes pose challenges, but provide unprecedented opportunities: strategic decisions by economic and political agents, newly available financial resources, coordination or lack of coordination among main stakeholders, and so on. The following paper provides an overview of the first results of Energie Sisma Emilia research project: it aims at collecting and disseminating relevant knowledge and evidence in order to design policies. In particular, it identifies the agents propelling innovation processes, and analyses their strategies in ever-changing environment. The paper starts with a socio-economic analysis of the area struck by the earthquake, followed by the results of three of the focus groups conducted. Eventually, it illustrates a specific innovation: the introduction and implementation of the digital infrastructure “Mude”.

Suggested Citation

  • Margherita Russo & Paolo Silvestri & Giovanni Bonifati & Elisabetta Gualandri & Francesco Pagliacci & Anna Francesca Pattaro & Alessia Pedrazzol1 & Silvia Pergetti & Marco Ranuzzini & Manuel Reverberi, 2016. "Innovation and development after the earthquake in Emilia," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0137, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
  • Handle: RePEc:mod:cappmo:0137
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David Strömberg, 2007. "Natural Disasters, Economic Development, and Humanitarian Aid," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 21(3), pages 199-222, Summer.
    2. Eduardo Cavallo & Andrew Powell & Oscar Becerra, 2010. "Estimating the Direct Economic Damages of the Earthquake in Haiti," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(546), pages 298-312, August.
    3. Albala-Bertrand, J. M., 1993. "Natural disaster situations and growth: A macroeconomic model for sudden disaster impacts," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 21(9), pages 1417-1434, September.
    4. Brusco, Sebastiano, 1982. "The Emilian Model: Productive Decentralisation and Social Integration," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(2), pages 167-184, June.
    5. Barone, Guglielmo & Mocetti, Sauro, 2014. "Natural disasters, growth and institutions: A tale of two earthquakes," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 52-66.
    6. Eduardo Cavallo & Andrew Powell & Oscar Becerra, 2010. "Estimating the Direct Economic Damages of the Earthquake in Haiti," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(546), pages 298-312, 08.
    7. Albala-Bertrand, J. M., 1993. "Political Economy of Large Natural Disasters: With Special Reference to Developing Countries," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287650.
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    Cited by:

    1. Francesco Pagliacci & Simone Righi & Margherita Russo & Maurizio Casoni & Manuela Farinosi & Leopoldina Fortunati & Cristina Garzillo & Michael Guggenheim & Paolo Lauriola & Biagio Oppi & Stefano Pedr, 2016. "Enhancing the resilience of social infrastructures: issues on agents, artefacts and processes. Proceedings of the 2016 Modena Workshop," Department of Economics 0097, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
    2. Francesco Pagliacci & Simone Righi & Margherita Russo & Maurizio Casoni & Manuela Farinosi & Leopoldina Fortunati & Cristina Garzillo & Michael Guggenheim & Paolo Lauriola & Biagio Oppi & Stefano Pedr, 2016. "Enhancing the resilience of social infrastructures: issues on agents, artefacts and processes. Proceedings of the 2016 Modena Workshop," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0147, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    earthquake and its socio-economic effects; innovation and complex systems dynamics;

    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O35 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Social Innovation
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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