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Economic Potential of Renewable Energy in Vietnam's Power Sector

  • Nhan Thanh Nguyen

    ()

    (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CIRAD : UMR56 - CNRS : UMR8568 - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - Ecole des Ponts ParisTech - AgroParisTech)

  • Minh Ha-Duong

    ()

    (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CIRAD : UMR56 - CNRS : UMR8568 - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - Ecole des Ponts ParisTech - AgroParisTech)

A bottom-up Integrated Resource Planning model is used to examine the economic potential of renewable energy in Vietnam's power sector. In a baseline scenario without renewables, coal provides 44% of electricity generated from 2010 to 2030. The use of renewables could reduce that figure to 39%, as well as decrease the sector's cumulative emission of CO2 by 8%, SO2 by 3%, and NOX by 4%. In addition, renewables could avoid installing 4.4 GW in fossil fuel generating capacity, conserve domestic coal, decrease coal and gases imports, improving energy independence and security. Wind could become cost-competitive assuming high but plausible on fossil fuel prices, if the cost of the technology falls to 900 US$/kW.

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File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/43/12/50/PDF/Nguyen.ea-2009-RenewableEnergyPotential.pdf
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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00431250.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Publication status: Published, Energy Policy, 2009, 37, 1601-1613
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00431250
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00431250
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  1. Shrestha, Ram M & Shrestha, Rabin & Bhattacharya, S C, 1998. "Environmental and electricity planning implications of carbon tax and technological constraints in a developing country," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 527-533, June.
  2. Chitru S. Fernando & Paul R. Kleindorfer & Mohan Munasinghe, 1994. "Integrated Resource Planning with Environmental Costs in Developing Countries," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3), pages 93-122.
  3. M. Ruth & K. Donaghy & P. Kirshen, 2006. "Introduction," Chapters, in: Regional Climate Change and Variability, chapter 1 Edward Elgar.
  4. Nguyen, Khanh Q., 2007. "Impacts of wind power generation and CO2 emission constraints on the future choice of fuels and technologies in the power sector of Vietnam," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 2305-2312, April.
  5. Tanatvanit, Somporn & Limmeechokchai, Bundit & Shrestha, Ram M., 2004. "CO2 mitigation and power generation implications of clean supply-side and demand-side technologies in Thailand," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 83-90, January.
  6. Nguyen, Khanh Q., 2007. "Wind energy in Vietnam: Resource assessment, development status and future implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 1405-1413, February.
  7. Voivontas, D. & Assimacopoulos, D. & Mourelatos, A. & Corominas, J., 1998. "Evaluation of Renewable Energy potential using a GIS decision support system," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 333-344.
  8. Hobbs, Benjamin F., 1995. "Optimization methods for electric utility resource planning," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 83(1), pages 1-20, May.
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