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La taille des classes influence-t-elle la réussite scolaire ?

Author

Listed:
  • Adrien Bouguen

    (Universität Mannheim [Mannheim], IPP - Institut des politiques publiques)

  • Julien Grenet

    () (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, IPP - Institut des politiques publiques)

  • Marc Gurgand

    () (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, IPP - Institut des politiques publiques)

Abstract

Cette note présente les résultats des recherches les plus robustes méthodologiquement, qui estiment l'impact d'une réduction de la taille des classes sur les performances scolaires des élèves et sur leur destin à plus long terme. Contrairement à une idée qui a longtemps perduré, ces effets sont élevés, si on les compare à d'autres politiques scolaires menées à grande échelle et rigoureusement évaluées. Le coût absolu du doublement des classes de CP et de CE1 justifie de cibler cette politique sur les élèves les moins favorisés, mais l'investissement est rentable dès qu'il existe des effets in fine sur la situation professionnelle des bénéficiaires aussi petits que 1 %. Il reste cependant beaucoup d'inconnues, notamment sur l'articulation entre la réduction de la taille des classes et les pratiques pédagogiques.

Suggested Citation

  • Adrien Bouguen & Julien Grenet & Marc Gurgand, 2017. "La taille des classes influence-t-elle la réussite scolaire ?," Post-Print hal-02453596, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02453596
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02453596
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Class size effects; Taille des classes;

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