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Financial Dependencies, Environmental Regulation and Pollution Intensity: Evidence From China

Author

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  • Mathilde Maurel

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Thomas Pernet

    (UP1 UFR02 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - UFR d'Économie - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Zhao Ruili

    (SUIBE - Shangai University of International Business and Economics)

Abstract

We study how a bank's involvement in a firm's financing may be in line with environmental policies pursued by the Chinese central government. Specifically, we evaluate the effectiveness of credit reallocation away from polluting projects when the government imposes stringent environmental policies. We combine the industries' financial dependencies with time, including cross-cities variation in policy intensity to identify the causal effect on the sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission. We find that SO2 emissions are lower in industries with high reliance on credits and stricter environmental regulations. Furthermore, our results suggest that locations with strong environmental policies lead firms to seek funding in less regulated areas, which confirms the pollution haven hypothesis.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathilde Maurel & Thomas Pernet & Zhao Ruili, 2019. "Financial Dependencies, Environmental Regulation and Pollution Intensity: Evidence From China," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-02423350, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-02423350
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02423350
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Banks; Financial Dependency; Environmental regulation; China;
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