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Growth in an oil abundant economy: The case of Venezuela

Author

Listed:
  • Bety Agnany

    (Department of Economic Theory and Economic History, University of Granada.)

  • Amaia Iza

    (DFAEII - The University of the Basque Country)

Abstract

Venezuela´s growth experience over the past fifty years is characterised by a high economic growth rate from 1950 to 1977 and a low economic growth rate over the 1977-2003 period. In particular, we show that the country has been in a ‘great depression’ since the late seventies. We also show that although Venezuela has an oil abundant economy, this growth experience is largely due to the evolution of its real non-oil GDP. We perform a growth accounting exercise to quantify the extent to which the growth experience in the non-oil sector is a result of physical capital accumulation, finding that non-oil sector behavior can largely be explained by the evolution of TFP. Finally, we also make some correlations to determine whether the oil sector has affected the non-oil sector, either through its capital accumulation or through its TFP. We find that the correlation between oil revenues and capital per worker or non-oil TFP is always negative.

Suggested Citation

  • Bety Agnany & Amaia Iza, 2008. "Growth in an oil abundant economy: The case of Venezuela," ThE Papers 08/18, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
  • Handle: RePEc:gra:wpaper:08/18
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    File URL: http://www.ugr.es/~teoriahe/RePEc/gra/wpaper/thepapers08_18.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Márquez-Velázquez, Alejandro, 2019. "Developing countries' political cycles and the resource curse: Venezuela's case," Discussion Papers 2019/14, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    2. Pedro Elosegui y Nicolás Grosman & Nicolás Grosman, 2016. "Structural Economic Model for Ecuador: a Dollar-ized and Oil-ized Economy," IIE Journal, IIE Journal, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 62, pages 23-53, January-D.
    3. Diego Restuccia, 2018. "The Monetary and Fiscal History of Venezuela 1960-2016," Working Papers tecipa-614, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    4. Mohsen Mehrara, Mohsen & Alhosseini, Seyedmohammadsadegh & Bahramirad, Duman, 2008. "Resource curse and institutional quality in oil countries," MPRA Paper 16456, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2009.
    5. Miguel Santos, 2016. "The Right Fit for the Wrong Reasons: Real Business Cycle in an Oil-dependent Economy," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 53(1), pages 61-94, December.
    6. Yuri Quixina & Álvaro Almeida, 2014. "Financial Development and Economic Growth in a Natural Resource Based Economy: Evidence from Angola," FEP Working Papers 542, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    non-renewable resources; growth accounting; TFP; oil rents.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development

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