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The Monetary and Fiscal History of Venezuela 1960-2016

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  • Diego Restuccia

Abstract

I document the salient features of monetary and fiscal outcomes for the Venezuelan economy during the 1960 to 2016 period. Using the consolidated government-budget accounting framework of Chapter 2, I assess the importance of fiscal balance, seigniorage, and growth in accounting for the evolution of debt ratios. I find that extraordinary transfers, mostly associated with unprofitable public enterprises, and not central-government primary deficits, account for the increase in financing needs in recent decades. Seigniorage has been a consistent source of financing of deficits and transfers, especially in the last decade, with increases in debt ratios being important in some periods.

Suggested Citation

  • Diego Restuccia, 2018. "The Monetary and Fiscal History of Venezuela 1960-2016," Working Papers tecipa-614, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tor:tecipa:tecipa-614
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Betty Agnani & Amaia Iza, 2005. "Growth in an oil abundant economy: The case of Venezuela," DEGIT Conference Papers c010_053, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    2. Hodrick, Robert J & Prescott, Edward C, 1997. "Postwar U.S. Business Cycles: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 29(1), pages 1-16, February.
    3. Inklaar, Robert & de Jong, Harmen & Bolt, Jutta & van Zanden, Jan, 2018. "Rebasing 'Maddison': new income comparisons and the shape of long-run economic development," GGDC Research Memorandum GD-174, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen.
    4. Osmel Manzano & Roberto Rigobon, 2001. "Resource Curse or Debt Overhang?," NBER Working Papers 8390, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Betty Agnani & Amaia Iza, 2011. "Growth in an oil abundant economy: The case of Venezuela," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 14, pages 61-79, May.
    6. Ricardo Hausmann & Roberto Rigobon, 2003. "An Alternative Interpretation of the 'Resource Curse': Theory and Policy Implications," NBER Working Papers 9424, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. International Monetary Fund, 2008. "Constraints on the Design and Implementation of Monetary Policy in Oil Economies; The Case of Venezuela," IMF Working Papers 08/142, International Monetary Fund.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary; fiscal; policy; inflation; debt; growth; oil; Venezuela.;

    JEL classification:

    • E00 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - General
    • E02 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Institutions and the Macroeconomy
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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