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Smart Development Banks

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Abstract

The conventional paradigm about development banks is that these institutions exist to target well-identified market failures. However, market failures are not directly observable and can only be ascertained with a suitable learning process. Hence, the question is how do the policymakers know what activities should be promoted, how do they learn about the obstacles to the creation of new activities? Rather than assuming that the government has arrived at the right list of market failures and uses development banks to close some well-identified market gaps, we suggest that development banks can be in charge of identifying these market failures through their loan-screening and lending activities to guide their operations and provide critical inputs for the design of productive development policies. In fact, they can also identify government failures that stand in the way of development and call for needed public inputs. This intelligence role of development banks is similar to the role that modern theories of financial intermediation assign to banks as institutions with a comparative advantage in producing and processing information. However, while private banks focus on information on private returns, development banks would potentially produce and organize information about social returns

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  • Eduardo Fernández-Arias & Ricardo Hausmann & Ugo Panizza, 2019. "Smart Development Banks," IHEID Working Papers 06-2019, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies, revised 04 Apr 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:gii:giihei:heidwp06-2019
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    Cited by:

    1. Eduardo FERNANDEZ-ARIAS & Jiajun XU, 2020. "Effective development banking: loans or guarantees?," Working Paper 2fcdfcfb-d113-44d8-9e02-6, Agence française de développement.
    2. Régis MARODON, 2020. "Can development banks step up to the challenge of sustainable development?," Working Paper 8eb18544-95bf-404e-bbfe-e, Agence française de développement.
    3. Régis MARODON, 2020. "Les banques de développement peuvent-elles relever le défi du développement durable ?," Working Paper 8eb18544-95bf-404e-bbfe-e, Agence française de développement.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Market Imperfections; Industrial Policy; Public Banks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • L32 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Enterprises; Public-Private Enterprises
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy

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