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The impact of gender wage gap on sectoral economic growth – cross-country approach

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  • Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz

    () (Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland)

Abstract

We propose an empirical analysis of testing the relationship between gender wage gap and economic growth. The study takes into account 12 manufacturing sectors in 18 OECD countries for the period between 1970 and 2005.We use industrial statistics (EU KLEMS, 2008) on female and male wages that distinguish between wages paid to different groups of workers classified according to skill level: high, medium and low. We estimate augmented production function where the male-female wage differentials constitute a potential channel influencing growth (positively or negatively). Our research is motivated by the ambiguous results of previous empirical studies (e.g.: Seguiono, 2000; Busse and Spielmann, 2006; Seguino, 2011; Schober and Winter-Ebmer, 2011). Our main findings indicate that gender wage gap for high, medium and low-skilled workers is negatively correlated with sectoral growth. At the same time we confirmed the positive role of trade and human capital. The results are confirmed in number of robustness checks.

Suggested Citation

  • Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz, 2013. "The impact of gender wage gap on sectoral economic growth – cross-country approach," GUT FME Working Paper Series A 6, Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology.
  • Handle: RePEc:gdk:wpaper:6
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    File URL: ftp://ftp.zie.pg.gda.pl/RePEc/gdk/wpaper/WP_GUTFME_A_6_WolszczakDerlacz.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    4. Matthias Busse & Christian Spielmann, 2006. "Gender Inequality and Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(3), pages 362-379, August.
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    8. Doris Weichselbaumer & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2005. "A Meta-Analysis of the International Gender Wage Gap," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 479-511, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender wage gap; economic growth; manufacturing sectors;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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