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Does Gender Inequality Hinder Development and Economic Growth? Evidence and Policy Implications

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  • Oriana Bandiera
  • Ashwini Natraj

Abstract

Does the existing evidence support policies that foster growth by reducing gender inequality? We argue that the evidence based on differences across countries is of limited use for policy design because it does not identify the causal link from inequality to growth. This, however does not imply that inequality-reducing policies are ineffective. In other words, the lack of evidence of a causal link is not in itself evidence that the causal link does not exist. Detailed micro studies that shed light on the mechanisms through which gender inequality affects development and growth are needed to inform the design of effective policies. Copyright 2013, Oxford University Press.

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  • Oriana Bandiera & Ashwini Natraj, 2013. "Does Gender Inequality Hinder Development and Economic Growth? Evidence and Policy Implications," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 28(1), pages 2-21, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:wbrobs:v:28:y:2013:i:1:p:2-21
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    Cited by:

    1. Manuel Santos Silva & Stephan Klasen, 2018. "Gender Inequality as a Barrier to Economic Growth: a Review of the Theoretical Literature," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 252, Courant Research Centre PEG.
    2. Boris Branisa & Carolina Cardona, 2015. "Social Institutions and Gender Inequality in Fragile States: Are They Relevant for the Post-MDG Debate?," Southern Voice Occasional Paper 21, Southern Voice.
    3. repec:eee:jcecon:v:46:y:2018:i:4:p:1294-1309 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:wfo:monber:y:2017:i:9:p:713-725 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Astghik Mavisakalyan & Yashar Tarverdi, 2017. "Oil and Women: A Re-examination," Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre Working Paper series WP1706, Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School.
    6. Janet Gale Stotsky, 2016. "Gender Budgeting; Fiscal Context and Current Outcomes," IMF Working Papers 16/149, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Wei-Bin ZHANG, 2014. "Gender Discrimination, Education and Economic Growth in a Generalized Uzawa-Lucas Two-Sector Model," Timisoara Journal of Economics and Business, West University of Timisoara, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 7(1), pages 1-34.
    8. repec:eee:ecanpo:v:63:y:2019:i:c:p:150-164 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:spr:qualqt:v:51:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s11135-016-0384-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Baliamoune–Lutz, Mina & McGillivray, Mark, 2015. "The impact of gender inequality in education on income in Africa and the Middle East," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1-11.
    11. Asali, Muhammad & Gurashvili, Rusudan, 2019. "Labor Market Discrimination and the Macroeconomy," IZA Discussion Papers 12101, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    12. Ferrant, Gaëlle & Tuccio, Michele, 2015. "South–South Migration and Discrimination Against Women in Social Institutions: A Two-way Relationship," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 240-254.
    13. Romina Kazandjian & Lisa Kolovich & Kalpana Kochhar & Monique Newiak, 2019. "Gender Equality and Economic Diversification," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(4), pages 1-24, April.
    14. Pham, Tho & Talavera, Oleksandr, 2018. "Discrimination, Social Capital, and Financial Constraints: The Case of Viet Nam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 228-242.
    15. repec:ebl:ecbull:eb-15-00420 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:asi:aeafrj:2019:p:789-806 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2016. "Gender-Differentiated Human Capital And Time Distributions In A Generalized Heckscher-Ohlin Model With Endogenous Physical Capital," Knowledge Horizons - Economics, Faculty of Finance, Banking and Accountancy Bucharest,"Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University Bucharest, vol. 8(2), pages 112-132, June.
    18. Janet Gale Stotsky & Lisa L Kolovich & Suhaib Kebhaj, 2016. "Sub-Saharan Africa; A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts," IMF Working Papers 16/152, International Monetary Fund.
    19. repec:rnd:arjebs:v:8:y:2017:i:6:p:94-113 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Asali, Muhammad & Pignatti, Norberto & Skhirtladze, Sophiko, 2018. "Employment discrimination in a former Soviet Union Republic: Evidence from a field experiment," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 1294-1309.
    21. repec:wfo:monber:y:2017:i:9 is not listed on IDEAS

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