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Does gender inequality hinder development and economic growth ? evidence and policy implications

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  • Bandiera, Oriana
  • Natraj, Ashwini

Abstract

Does the existing evidence support policies that foster growth by reducing gender inequality? The authors argue that the evidence based on differences across countries is of limited use for policy design because it does not identify the causal link from inequality to growth. This, however does not imply that inequality-reducing policies are ineffective. In other words, the lack of evidence of a causal link is not in itself evidence that the causal link does not exist. Detailed micro studies that shed light on the mechanisms through which gender inequality affects development and growth are needed to inform the design of effective policies.

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  • Bandiera, Oriana & Natraj, Ashwini, 2013. "Does gender inequality hinder development and economic growth ? evidence and policy implications," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6369, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6369
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    1. Quels liens entre inégalités de genre et croissance ?
      by ? in D'un champ l'autre on 2015-01-24 23:25:00

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    8. Romina Kazandjian & Lisa L Kolovich & Kalpana Kochhar & Monique Newiak, 2016. "Gender Equality and Economic Diversification," IMF Working Papers 2016/140, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Kosec, Katrina & Mo, Cecilia Hyunjung & Schmidt, Emily & Song, Jie, 2021. "Perceptions of relative deprivation and women’s empowerment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 138(C).
    10. Haroon Ur Rashid Khan & Anwar Khan & Khalid Zaman & Agha Amad Nabi & Sanil S. Hishan & Talat Islam, 2017. "Gender discrimination in education, health, and labour market: a voice for equality," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 51(5), pages 2245-2266, September.
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    12. Boris Branisa & Carolina Cardona, 2015. "Social Institutions and Gender Inequality in Fragile States: Are they relevant for the Post-MDG Debate?," Development Research Working Paper Series 06/2015, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
    13. Valerie Mueller & Emily Schmidt & Dylan Kirkleeng, 2020. "Structural Change and Women’s Employment Potential in Myanmar," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 43(5), pages 450-476, September.
    14. Balasubramanian, Pooja & Ibanez, Marcela & Khan, Sarah & Sahoo, Soham, 2019. "Does female economic empowerment promote development?," PEGNet Policy Briefs 17/2019, PEGNet - Poverty Reduction, Equity and Growth Network, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    15. Tran, Viet T. & Nguyen, Trung Thanh & Tran, Nguyet T.M., 2019. "Gender difference in access to local finance and firm performance: Evidence from a panel survey in Vietnam," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 150-164.
    16. Ferrant, Gaëlle & Tuccio, Michele, 2015. "South–South Migration and Discrimination Against Women in Social Institutions: A Two-way Relationship," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 240-254.
    17. Olukemi I. Lawanson & Dominic I. Umar, 2019. "Gender Inequality and its Implication for Inclusive Growth in Nigeria from 1980 to 2018," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 9(7), pages 789-806, July.
    18. Patient Rambe & Takawira Munyaradzi Ndofirepi, 2017. "Gender Differences in the Perceptions of Entrepreneurship Hindrances: A Case of Vocational Education Students in Zimbabwe," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 8(6), pages 94-113.
    19. N. N., 2017. "WIFO-Monatsberichte, Heft 9/2017," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 90(9), September.
    20. Karimli, Leyla & Lecoutere, Els & Wells, Christine R. & Ismayilova, Leyla, 2021. "More assets, more decision-making power? Mediation model in a cluster-randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of the graduation program on women's empowerment in Burkina Faso," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 137(C).
    21. Catherine L. McDevitt & James R. Irwin, 2017. "Women's empowerment and economic growth: Albany, NY, 1760-1860," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 37(3), pages 2041-2052.
    22. Janet Gale Stotsky, 2016. "Gender Budgeting; Fiscal Context and Current Outcomes," IMF Working Papers 2016/149, International Monetary Fund.
    23. Janet Gale Stotsky & Lisa L Kolovich & Suhaib Kebhaj, 2016. "Sub-Saharan Africa; A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts," IMF Working Papers 2016/152, International Monetary Fund.
    24. Romina Kazandjian & Lisa Kolovich & Kalpana Kochhar & Monique Newiak, 2019. "Gender Equality and Economic Diversification," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(4), pages 1-24, April.

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    Keywords

    Gender and Development; Population Policies; Gender and Law; Gender and Health; Achieving Shared Growth;
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