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Job Ladder, Human Capital, and the Cost of Job Loss

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Abstract

High-tenure workers losing their job experience a large and prolonged fall in wages and earnings. The aim of this paper is to understand and quantify the forces behind this empirical regularity. We propose a structural model of the labor market with (i) on-the-job search, (ii) general human capital, and (iii) firmspecific human capital. Jobs are destroyed at an endogenous rate due to idiosyncratic productivity shocks and the skills of workers depreciate during periods of non-employment. The model is estimated on German Social Security data. By jointly matching moments related to workers’ mobility and wages, the model can replicate the size and persistence of the losses in earnings and wages observed in the data. We find that the loss of a job with a more productive employer is the primary driver of the cumulative wage losses following displacement (about 50 percent), followed by the loss of firm-specific human capital (about 30 percent).

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  • Richard Audoly & Federica De Pace & Giulio Fella, 2022. "Job Ladder, Human Capital, and the Cost of Job Loss," Staff Reports 1043, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:95392
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Job Ladder, Human Capital, and the Cost of Job Loss
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2023-01-24 18:13:03

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    job loss; on-the-job search; human capital;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

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