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Job Ladders and Earnings of Displaced Workers

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  • Pawel Krolikowski

Abstract

Workers who suffer job displacement experience surprisingly large and persistent earnings losses. This paper proposes an explanation for this robust empirical puzzle in a model of search over match-quality with a significant job ladder. In addition to capturing the depth and persistence of displaced-worker-earnings losses, the model is able to match a) separation rates by tenure; b) the empirical decomposition of earnings losses into reduced wages and employment; c) observed wage dispersion; d) the pattern of employer-to-employer transitions after layoff, and e) the degree of serial correlation in separations.

Suggested Citation

  • Pawel Krolikowski, 2015. "Job Ladders and Earnings of Displaced Workers," Working Papers (Old Series) 1514, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, revised 01 Sep 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedcwp:1514
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    Cited by:

    1. Jung, Philip & Kuhn, Moritz, 2012. "Earnings losses and labor mobility over the life-cycle," MPRA Paper 40287, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. William J. Carrington, 2015. "Do We Know Why Earnings Fall with Job Displacement? Working Paper: 2015-01," Working Papers 49908, Congressional Budget Office.
    3. R. Tamara Konetzka & Karen B. Lasater & Edward C. Norton & Rachel M. Werner, 2018. "Are Recessions Good for Staffing in Nursing Homes?," American Journal of Health Economics, MIT Press, vol. 4(4), pages 411-432, Fall.
    4. Pinheiro, Roberto & Visschers, Ludo, 2015. "Unemployment risk and wage differentials," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 397-424.
    5. Cozzi, Marco & Fella, Giulio, 2016. "Job displacement risk and severance pay," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 166-181.
    6. Christopher Huckfeldt, 2018. "Understanding the Scarring Effect of Recessions," 2018 Meeting Papers 1207, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    7. Fatih Karahan & Serdar Ozkan & Jae Song, 2019. "Anatomy of Lifetime Earnings Inequality: Heterogeneity in Job Ladder Risk vs. Human Capital," Staff Reports 908, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    8. Elias Albagli & Alberto Naudon & Benjamin Garcia & Matias Tapia & Sebastian Guarda, 2019. "Job Ladders and Labor Productivity Dynamics," 2019 Meeting Papers 880, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Arellano-Bover, Jaime, 2020. "Career Consequences of Firm Heterogeneity for Young Workers: First Job and Firm Size," IZA Discussion Papers 12969, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Pawel Krolikowski, 2018. "Choosing a Control Group for Displaced Workers," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 71(5), pages 1232-1254, October.
    11. Burdett, Ken & Carrillo-Tudela, Carlos & Coles, Melvyn G., 2015. "The Cost of Job Loss," ISER Working Paper Series 2015-12, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    12. William J. Carrington & Bruce Fallick, 2017. "Why Do Earnings Fall with Job Displacement?," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(4), pages 688-722, October.
    13. Davidson, Carl & Matusz, Steven & Chun Zhu, Susan & Heyman, Fredrik & Sjoholm, Fredrik, 2018. "Globalization and the Jobs Ladder," Working Papers 2018-8, Michigan State University, Department of Economics.
    14. William J. Carrington & Bruce C. Fallick, 2014. "Why Do Earnings Fall with Job Displacement?," Working Papers (Old Series) 1405, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, revised 02 Jun 2014.
    15. Davidson, Carl & Heyman, Fredrik & Matusz, Steven & Sjöholm, Fredrik & Chun Zhu, Susan, 2018. "Globalization, the Jobs Ladder and Economic Mobility," Working Paper Series 1249, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 21 Feb 2020.
    16. Brendan Moore & Judith Scott-Clayton, 2019. "The Firm's Role in Displaced Workers' Earnings Losses," NBER Working Papers 26525, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Gorry, Aspen & Munro, David & vom Lehn, Christian, 2020. "Experience, skill composition, and the persistence of unemployment fluctuations," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C).
    18. Muendler, Marc-Andreas, 2017. "Trade, technology, and prosperity: An account of evidence from a labor-market perspective," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2017-15, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    19. Pawel Krolikowski, 2019. "Job Heterogeneity and Aggregate Labor Market Fluctuations," Working Papers 201904, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Diversity; earnings; match-quality; search; Displacement;

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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