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Imputation Rules to Improve the Education Variable in the IAB Employment Subsample

  • Bernd Fitzenberger
  • Aderonke Osikominu
  • Robert Völter

The education variable in the IAB employment subsample has two shortcomings: missing values and inconsistencies in the reporting rule. We propose several deductive imputation procedures to improve the variable. They mainly use the multiple education information available in the data because employees' education is reported at least once a year. We compare the improved data from the different procedures and the original data in typical applications in labor economics: educational composition of employment and wage inequality. We find that correcting the education variable shows the educational attainment of the male labor force to be higher than measured with the original data and changes some estimates of wage inequality. Our analysis does not provide a definite rule on how to choose among the different imputation procedures discussed, but we recommend correcting the original education variable.

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Article provided by Duncker & Humblot, Berlin in its journal Schmollers Jahrbuch.

Volume (Year): 126 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 405-436

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Handle: RePEc:aeq:aeqsjb:v126_y2006_i3_q3_p405-436
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  1. Molinari, Francesca, 2005. "Partial Identification of Probability Distributions with Misclassified Data," Working Papers 05-10, Cornell University, Center for Analytic Economics.
  2. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
  3. Arthur Lewbel, 2004. "Estimation of Average Treatment Effects With Misclassification," Econometric Society 2004 North American Winter Meetings 210, Econometric Society.
  4. Thomas J. Kane & Cecilia Elena Rouse & Douglas Staiger, 1999. "Estimating Returns to Schooling When Schooling is Misreported," NBER Working Papers 7235, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Card, David, 1999. "The causal effect of education on earnings," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1801-1863 Elsevier.
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