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Monetary Policy and the Predictability of Nominal Exchange Rates

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Listed:
  • Martin Eichenbaum
  • Benjamin K. Johannsen
  • Sergio Rebelo

Abstract

This paper documents two facts about countries with floating exchange rates where monetary policy controls inflation using a short-term interest rate. First, the current real exchange rate predicts future changes in the nominal exchange rate at horizons greater than two years both in sample and out of sample. This predictability improves with the length of the horizon. Second, the real exchange rate is virtually uncorrelated with future inflation rates both in the short run and in the long run. We show that a large class of open-economy models is consistent with these findings and that, empirically and theoretically, the ability of the real exchange rate to forecast changes in the nominal exchange rate depends critically on the nature of the monetary regime.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Eichenbaum & Benjamin K. Johannsen & Sergio Rebelo, 2017. "Monetary Policy and the Predictability of Nominal Exchange Rates," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-037, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 13 Nov 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2017-37
    DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2017.037r1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2001. "The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause?," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000, Volume 15, pages 339-412, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Ca’ Zorzi, Michele & Kolasa, Marcin & Rubaszek, Michał, 2017. "Exchange rate forecasting with DSGE models," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 127-146.
    3. McCallum, Bennett T., 1994. "A reconsideration of the uncovered interest parity relationship," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 105-132, February.
    4. Henderson, Dale W. & McKibbin, Warwick J., 1993. "A comparison of some basic monetary policy regimes for open economies: implications of different degrees of instrument adjustment and wage persistence," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 221-317, December.
    5. Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum & Charles L. Evans, 2005. "Nominal Rigidities and the Dynamic Effects of a Shock to Monetary Policy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 1-45, February.
    6. Corsetti, Giancarlo & Dedola, Luca & Leduc, Sylvain, 2010. "Optimal Monetary Policy in Open Economies," Handbook of Monetary Economics, in: Benjamin M. Friedman & Michael Woodford (ed.),Handbook of Monetary Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 16, pages 861-933, Elsevier.
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    15. Molodtsova, Tanya & Papell, David H., 2009. "Out-of-sample exchange rate predictability with Taylor rule fundamentals," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 167-180, April.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mădălina-Gabriela ANGHEL & Constantin ANGHELACHE & Ana CARP, 2017. "The main correlations between the monetary-banking indicators," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(2(611), S), pages 99-110, Summer.
    2. Curran, Michael & Velic, Adnan, 2019. "Real exchange rate persistence and country characteristics: A global analysis," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 35-56.
    3. Tamas Z. Csabafi & Max Gillman & Ruthira Naraidoo, 2019. "International Business Cycle and Financial Intermediation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 51(8), pages 2293-2303, December.
    4. Zorzi, Michele Ca’ & Rubaszek, Michał, 2020. "Exchange rate forecasting on a napkin," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 104(C).
    5. Drechsel, Thomas & McLeay, Michael & Tenreyro, Silvana, 2019. "Monetary policy for commodity booms and busts," CEPR Discussion Papers 14030, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Claire Giordano, 2019. "How frequent a BEER? Assessing the impact of data frequency on real exchange rate misalignment estimation," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 522, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    7. Mijakovic, Andrej & Rubaszek, Michał & Ca' Zorzi, Michele & Cap, Adam, 2020. "The predictive power of equilibrium exchange rate models," Working Paper Series 2358, European Central Bank.
    8. Moran, Kevin & Nono, Simplice Aimé, 2018. "Gradual learning about shocks and the forward premium puzzle," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 79-100.
    9. Martin Eichenbaum & Benjamin Johannsen & Sergio Rebelo, 2018. "Understanding the Volatility of the Canadian Exchange Rate," C.D. Howe Institute Commentary, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 502, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; Exchange rates and foreign exchange;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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