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Labour Taxation, Tax Progression and Job Matching - Comparative Alternative Models of Wage Setting

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  • Sinko, Pekka

Abstract

In this paper we consider the effects of labour taxation on wages, unemployment and efficiency in a job matching framework. We derive labour market equilibrium with taxes in a model of endogenous job creation and job destruction under three alternative hypothesis of wage formation: Nash bargain, monopoly union and efficiency wages. We find that labour taxes harm employment irrespective of the wage formation mechanism. However, employment turns out to be much less sensitive to taxation in the models involving wage bargaining. Our results also suggest that increased progression in labour taxation may improve employment with low or even non-existent efficiency cost if wages are set in a bargaining framework.

Suggested Citation

  • Sinko, Pekka, 2002. "Labour Taxation, Tax Progression and Job Matching - Comparative Alternative Models of Wage Setting," Discussion Papers 285, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:fer:dpaper:285
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    File URL: https://www.doria.fi/handle/10024/148264
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, January.
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    6. Rocheteau, Guillaume, 2001. "Equilibrium unemployment and wage formation with matching frictions and worker moral hazard," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 75-102, January.
    7. Francesco Daveri & Guido Tabellini, 2000. "Unemployment, growth and taxation in industrial countries," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 15(30), pages 47-104, April.
    8. Pissarides, Christopher A., 1998. "The impact of employment tax cuts on unemployment and wages; The role of unemployment benefits and tax structure," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 155-183, January.
    9. Booth,Alison L., 1994. "The Economics of the Trade Union," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521468398, March.
    10. Koskela, Erkki & Vilmunen, Jouko, 1996. "Tax progression is good for employment in popular models of trade union behaviour," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 65-80, August.
    11. Arthur J. Hosios, 1990. "On The Efficiency of Matching and Related Models of Search and Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(2), pages 279-298.
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