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Job Satisfaction in Europe

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  • Namkee Ahn
  • Juan Ramón García

Abstract

Job satisfaction is an important part of overall life satisfaction among the working age population. We examine Western Europeans’ overall job satisfaction and the satisfaction levels in several job domains using the European Community Household Panel Survey (1994-2001). With respect to overall job satisfaction, wage is important. Yet, some other factors show equally or more important effects. For example, health turns out to be a single most important determinant of overall job satisfaction. Job match quality, contract type and job status are also important. With respect to the relationship between overall and job domain satisfaction, work type comes out as the most important job domain in all countries, followed by pay, working condition and job security. In analyzing determinants of each job domain satisfaction, we find some interesting results. Female workers declare higher pay satisfaction but lower work hour satisfaction, which are consistent with the hypothesis of low aspiration and greater non-market responsibility among women. Good job matches increase satisfaction levels in all job domains, but in particular with respect to pay and work type. Local unemployment rate has no effects on overall job satisfaction, but it has significant effects in two job domains, job security and work hours. Those in countries or times of high unemployment declare much lower satisfaction with job security, while they declare higher satisfaction with hours of work. Finally, even after controlling many variables which are responsible, directly and indirectly, for overall and each job domain satisfaction, there still remain large country fixed effects. Given the same observed worker and job characteristics, Austrian, Danish and Irish workers declare substantially higher satisfaction in all job domains than the workers in the Mediterranean countries.

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  • Namkee Ahn & Juan Ramón García, "undated". "Job Satisfaction in Europe," Working Papers 2004-16, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2004-16
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    Cited by:

    1. Lars P. Feld & Sarah Necker & Bruno S. Frey, 2015. "Happiness of economists," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(10), pages 990-1007, February.
    2. Inmaculada García & José Molina & María Navarro, 2007. "How Satisfied are Spouses with their Leisure Time? Evidence from Europe," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 28(4), pages 546-565, December.
    3. Ali Katebi & Mohammad Hossain HajiZadeh & Ali Bordbar & Amir Masoud Salehi, 2022. "The Relationship Between “Job Satisfaction” and “Job Performance”: A Meta-analysis," Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, Springer;Global Institute of Flexible Systems Management, vol. 23(1), pages 21-42, March.
    4. Simon Sosvilla-Rivero & Pedro Rodriguez, 2010. "Linkages in international stock markets: evidence from a classification procedure," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(16), pages 2081-2089.
    5. Kristensen, Nicolai & Johansson, Edvard, 2008. "New evidence on cross-country differences in job satisfaction using anchoring vignettes," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 96-117, February.
    6. Maria Naether & Janine Stratmann & Christina Bendfeldt & Ludwig Theuvsen, 2015. "Wodurch wird die Arbeitszufriedenheit landwirtschaftlicher Arbeitnehmer beeinflusst?," Journal of Socio-Economics in Agriculture (Until 2015: Yearbook of Socioeconomics in Agriculture), Swiss Society for Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, vol. 8(1), pages 85-96.
    7. GAO, Wenshu & SMYTH, Russell, 2010. "Job satisfaction and relative income in economic transition: Status or signal?: The case of urban China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 442-455, September.
    8. Joan Torrent-Sellens & Jackeline Velazco-Portocarrero & Clara Viñas-Bardolet, 2018. "Knowledge-Based Work and Job Satisfaction: Evidence from Spain," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 9(2), pages 575-612, June.
    9. Skalli, Ali & Theodossiou, Ioannis & Vasileiou, Efi, 2008. "Jobs as Lancaster goods: Facets of job satisfaction and overall job satisfaction," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1906-1920, October.
    10. Dominik Hanglberger, 2011. "Arbeitszufriedenheit im internationalen Vergleich," FFB-Discussionpaper 86, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)), LEUPHANA University Lüneburg.
    11. Michael Demoussis & Nicholas Giannakopoulos, 2007. "Exploring Job Satisfaction in Private and Public Employment: Empirical Evidence from Greece," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 21(2), pages 333-359, June.
    12. Namkee Ahn & Juan Ramón García & José A. Herce, "undated". "Demographic Uncertainty and Health Care Expenditure in Spain," Working Papers 2005-07, FEDEA.
    13. Ángel Díaz-Chao & Pilar Ficapal-Cusí & Joan Torrent-Sellens, 2016. "Economic Crisis and Job Quality in Spain: A Multi-dimensional and Micro-data Empirical Approach," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 125(2), pages 613-633, January.
    14. Nicoletti, Cheti, 2006. "Differences in job dissatisfaction across Europe," ISER Working Paper Series 2006-42, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    15. Adolfo C. Fernández Puente & Nuria Sánchez-Sánchez, 2021. "Labor Market Precarity Shapes Perception of the Public Sector in the Eurozone," SAGE Open, , vol. 11(3), pages 21582440211, August.

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