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Openness and Geographic Neutrality: How Do They Contribute to International Banking Integration?

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  • Arribas Fernández Iván

    () (University of Valencia; Ivie)

  • Pérez García Francisco

    () (UNIVERSITY OF VALENCIA VALENCIAN ECONOMIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE (Ivie))

  • Tortosa-Ausina Emili

    () (INSTITUTO VALENCIANO DE INVESTIGACIONES ECONÓMICAS (Ivie) UNIVERSITY JAUME I)

Abstract

The aim of this article is to develop new international financial integration indicators together with their determinants: financial openness and regularity (balance) of bilateral financial flows. The study s contribution is based on the definition of the Standard of Perfect Financial Integration (SPFI). This standard characterizes the scenario attainable when financial flows are not geographically biased, and cross-border asset trade is not affected by home bias. We assess the gap between a hypothetical scenario of geographic neutrality and the current level of financial integration, along with both of its components. The empirical application to the banking systems of 18 countries-accounting for 83% of international banking markets-over the 1999-2006 period enables us to conclude that the level of financial integration has advanced rapidly over the last few years, and is close to 50% as of 2006, i.e., we are halfway to the SPFI. However, notable differences among countries are both persistent and growing, and the integration level achieved for each banking system differs when assessed from the financial inflows or outflows perspective.

Suggested Citation

  • Arribas Fernández Iván & Pérez García Francisco & Tortosa-Ausina Emili, 2009. "Openness and Geographic Neutrality: How Do They Contribute to International Banking Integration?," Working Papers 201060, Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation.
  • Handle: RePEc:fbb:wpaper:201060
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Arribas, Iván & Pérez, Francisco & Tortosa-Ausina, Emili, 2011. "A network perspective on international banking integration," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 831-851.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banking integration; financial globalization; geographic neutrality; network analysis.;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

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