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Financial Intermediation, Markets, and Alternative Financial Sectors

Author

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  • Franklin ALLEN
  • Elena CARLETTI
  • Jun 'QJ' QIAN
  • Patricio VALENZUELA

Abstract

We provide a comprehensive review of firms’ financing channels (internal and external, domestic and international) around the globe, with the focus on alternative finance—financing from all the nonmarket, non-bank external sources. We argue that while traditional financing channels, including financial markets and banks, provide significant sources of funds for firms in developed countries, alternative financing channels provide an equally important source of funds in both developed and developing countries. Alternative finance is often the dominant source of funds for firms in fastgrowing economies. We compare market- and bank-finance with alternative finance, along with the supporting mechanisms such as legal and institutional structures. Much more research is needed to better understand alternative finance and its role in corporate financing. We suggest ways to obtain firm-level data on various forms of alternative finance and thus overcome the main obstacle in the field.

Suggested Citation

  • Franklin ALLEN & Elena CARLETTI & Jun 'QJ' QIAN & Patricio VALENZUELA, 2012. "Financial Intermediation, Markets, and Alternative Financial Sectors," Economics Working Papers ECO2012/11, European University Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2012/11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gao, Ming & Fok, Robert (Chi-Wing), 2015. "Demographics, family/social interaction, and household finance," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 136(C), pages 194-196.
    2. Valenzuela, Patricio, 2013. "Rollover Risk and Corporate Bond Spreads," Working Papers 13-10, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, Weiss Center.
    3. Wiegand, Manuel, 2015. "Friendship and money, oil and water? Credit constraints and "Family and Friends" finance," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112965, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    4. Casey, Eddie & O'Toole, Conor, 2013. "Bank-lending constraints and alternative financing during the financial crisis: Evidence from European SMEs," Papers WP450, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    5. Casey, Eddie & O'Toole, Conor M., 2014. "Bank lending constraints, trade credit and alternative financing during the financial crisis: Evidence from European SMEs," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 173-193.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    alternative finance; markets; banks; trade credits; governance; growth;

    JEL classification:

    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
    • K0 - Law and Economics - - General
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services

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