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Labour Migration Patterns in Europe: Recent Trends, Future Challenges

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  • N. Diez Guardia
  • K. Pichelmann

Abstract

In the last few years, issues related to international migration are receiving increasing attention from policy makers. This reflects mainly the changes in the magnitude and composition of migration flows. Net migration into the EU has risen again during the period 1998 to 2003. With an overall level of around 4 per thousand, relative immigration levels into the EU appear to be at present somewhat higher than those into the US (3.3 per thousand). High irregular migration, with estimates of the relation between regular and irregular immigration running between 1:0,3 and 1:1, and high numbers of asylum applicants indicate an increase in migration pressure during the last decade. Major changes in the source and destination of migrants have also taken place: traditional receiving countries have lost prominence while Southern European countries, who were sending countries until fairly recently, have become receiving countries, and some Eastern European Member States are now both sending and receiving migrants.

Suggested Citation

  • N. Diez Guardia & K. Pichelmann, 2006. "Labour Migration Patterns in Europe: Recent Trends, Future Challenges," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 256, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  • Handle: RePEc:euf:ecopap:0256
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    File URL: http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/pages/publication644_en.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kamil DYBCZAK & Kamil GALUSCAK, 2013. "Changes in the Czech Wage Structure: Does Immigration Matter?," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 63(2), pages 108-128, May.
    2. Roland Aeppli, 2010. "Arbeitsmarkteffekte des Abkommens mit der EU zur Personenfreizügigkeit – Eine Neubeurteilung," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 4(4), pages 29-42, December.
    3. Servaas Deroose & Martin Larch & Andrea Schachter, 2011. "Constricted, lame and pro-cyclical? Fiscal policy in the euro area revisited," International Journal of Sustainable Economy, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, pages 162-184.
    4. Roland Aeppli & Martin Gassebner, 2008. "Auswirkungen der Personenfreizügigkeit auf die Schweiz," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 2(4), pages 23-34, December.

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