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The Poverty and Equity Implications of A Rise in the Value Added Tax: A Microeconomic Simulation for Lebanon

Listed author(s):
  • Nisreen Salti

    ()

    (American University of Beirut)

  • Jad Chaaban

This paper examines the impact of a rise in the Value Added Tax (VAT) on poverty and inequality in Lebanon. To this end, the paper develops an empirical model based on consumer demand theory and uses only household survey data on expenditures and spatial price indexes. The simulation results — using an Almost Ideal Demand System — show that the projected VAT rate increases will have a limited impact on extreme poverty, due to the mostly progressive nature of current exemptions. However, overall poverty will be significantly affected, as households just above the national poverty line may fall into poverty as a result.

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Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 483.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision: Apr 2009
Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:483
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  1. Deaton, Angus, 1990. "Price elasticities from survey data : Extensions and Indonesian results," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 281-309, June.
  2. Howard Handy, 1998. "Egypt; Beyond Stabilization. Toward a Dynamic Market Economy," IMF Occasional Papers 163, International Monetary Fund.
  3. David Locke Newhouse & Daria V Zakharova, 2007. "Distributional Implications of the VAT Reform in the Philippines," IMF Working Papers 07/153, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Jad Chaaban & Alban Thomas, 2008. "A Structural Model for Evaluating the Sector-specific Impacts of Preferential Trade Agreements," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 73-88, March.
  5. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1980. "An Almost Ideal Demand System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 312-326, June.
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