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Trade Liberalization, Agricultural Productivity and Poverty in the Mediterranean Region


  • Nadia Belhaj Hassine

    () (University of Economics and Management of Nabeul, Tunisia)

  • Magda Kandil


A widely held view in the economic literature is that productivity growth is an important pathway through which trade liberalization affects the poor. This paper explores the links between trade openness, agricultural productivity, growth and poverty reduction in a panel of Mediterranean countries involved in global market liberalization. The mpirical results lend strong support to the view that agricultural productivity is an important channel for poverty alleviation. The findings illustrate the positive effects of openness on the rate of farming productivity and the speed of catching up with the best practice technology. Overall, the findings support the benefits of trade liberalization in the Mediterranean region, but suggest that the positive outcomes are contingent on complementary efforts.

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  • Nadia Belhaj Hassine & Magda Kandil, 2008. "Trade Liberalization, Agricultural Productivity and Poverty in the Mediterranean Region," Working Papers 415, Economic Research Forum, revised 06 Jan 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:415

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    1. Mengistu Assefa Wendimu & Arne Henningsen & Tomasz Gerard Czekaj, 2017. "Incentives and moral hazard: plot level productivity of factory-operated and outgrower-operated sugarcane production in Ethiopia," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 48(5), pages 549-560, September.
    2. Muhammad Khan & Muhammad Khan & Khalid Zaman & Muhammad Khan, 2014. "The evolving role of agricultural technology indicators and economic growth in rural poverty: has the ideas machine broken down?," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 48(4), pages 2007-2022, July.
    3. Justice Gameli Djokoto, 2013. "Trade Openness and Technical Efficiency Change in Ghana’s Agriculture," Journal of Empirical Economics, Research Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 1(1), pages 1-10.
    4. Kazukauskas, Andrius & Newman, Carol F. & Thorne, Fiona S., 2010. "Analysing the Effect of Decoupling on Agricultural Production: Evidence from Irish Dairy Farms using the Olley and Pakes Approach," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 59(3).
    5. Martinez Cillero, Maria & Breen, James & Thorne, Fiona & Wallace, Michael & Hennessy, Thia, 2016. "Technical efficiency and technology heterogeneity of beef farms: a latent class stochastic frontier approach," 90th Annual Conference, April 4-6, 2016, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 236351, Agricultural Economics Society.

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