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Why Does Population Aging Matter So Much for Asia? Population Aging, Economic Security and Economic Growth in Asia

  • Sang-Hyop LEE

    (Sang-Hyop LEE East West Center and University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA)

  • Andrew MASON

    (Andrew MASON East West Center and University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA)

  • Donghyun PARK

    (Donghyun PARK Economics and Research Department, Asian Development Bank, Philippines)

Asia as a whole is experiencing a rapid demographic transition toward older population structures. Within this broader region-wide trend, there is considerable heterogeneity, with different countries at different stages of the demographic transition. In this paper, we document Asia’s population aging, describe the region’s old-age support systems, and draw out the regional socioeconomic implications of population aging and old-age support systems. Population aging gives rise to two fundamental challenges for the region – (1) developing socioeconomic systems that can provide economic security to the growing number of elderly and (2) sustaining strong growth in the face of aging over the next few decades. Successfully addressing those two challenges will be vital for ensuring Asia’s continued economic success in the medium and long term.

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Paper provided by Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) in its series Working Papers with number DP-2011-04.

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Length: 33 pages.
Date of creation: 01 Aug 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:era:wpaper:dp-2011-04
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  1. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Jocelyn E. Finlay, 2008. "Demographic Change and Economic Growth in Asia," PGDA Working Papers 4108, Program on the Global Demography of Aging.
  2. Andrew Mason & Ronald Lee & An-Chi Tung & Mun-Sim Lai & Tim Miller, 2009. "Population Aging and Intergenerational Transfers: Introducing Age into National Accounts," NBER Chapters, in: Developments in the Economics of Aging, pages 89-122 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Lee, Ronald & Mason, Andrew & Miller, Timothy, 2000. "From Transfers to Individual Responsibility: Implications for Savings and Capital Accumulation in Taiwan and the United States," Arbetsrapport 2000:3, Institute for Futures Studies.
  4. Andrew Mason & Ronald Lee & Sang-Hyop Lee, 2010. "The Demographic Transition and Economic Growth in the Pacific Rim," NBER Chapters, in: The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change in East Asia, NBER-EASE Volume 19, pages 19-55 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Takatoshi Ito & Andrew Rose, 2010. "The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change in East Asia, NBER-EASE Volume 19," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number ito_08-2, October.
  6. Dirk Krueger & Felix Kubler, 2002. "Intergenerational Risk-Sharing via Social Security when Financial Markets Are Incomplete," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 407-410, May.
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