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Réforme de la protection de l'emploi et inégalités face au chômage dans un modèle d'appariement

Author

Listed:
  • Olivier CHARLOT

    (Universite de Franche-Comte, LIBRE et CIRPEE. UFR SJEPG, 45d, Avenue de l'observatoire, 25030 Besancon Cedex)

  • Franck MALHERBET

    (THEMA - CNRS - Universite de Cergy-Pontoise)

Abstract

Cet article s'interesse aux effets lies a l'introduction d'un systeme de modula- tion des cotisations patronales a l'assurance chomage (ou experience rating) sur le niveau et la structure du chômage par qualification. Nous construisons pour cela un modèle d'appariement dans lequel l'evolution de la demande de travail, les décisions de création et destruction d'emplois, ainsi que l'evolution des taxes destinees a fi nancer l'assurance chomage sont endogènes. Dans ce cadre, la protection de l'emploi a des effets qui peuvent etre differencies selon le niveau de qualification considere. L'introduction d'un systeme de modulation des cotisations employeur a l'assurance chomage pourrait ameliorer le fonctionnement du marche du travail ; l'importance des eventuels effets indesirables lies a ce systeme depend a court terme de la capacite a substituer la taxe d'experience rating aux dispositifs de protection de l'emploi deja en place, tandis qu'a plus long terme la hausse des incitations a se qualifier reduit en partie l'importance de ce probleme.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier CHARLOT & Franck MALHERBET, 2008. "Réforme de la protection de l'emploi et inégalités face au chômage dans un modèle d'appariement," THEMA Working Papers 2008-31, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  • Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2008-31
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Francesco Palma & Yann Thommen, 2020. "Employment Protection Reform in European Labor Markets: The Collective Bargaining Regime Matters," De Economist, Springer, vol. 168(4), pages 541-575, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Destruction d'emplois ; Coûts de licenciement ; Experience rating;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General

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