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Wealth effects on consumption across the wealth distribution: empirical evidence

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  • Savignac, Frédérique
  • Arrondel, Luc
  • Lamarche, Pierre

Abstract

This paper studies the heterogeneity of the marginal propensity to consume out of wealth using French household surveys. We find decreasing marginal propensity to consume out of wealth across the wealth distribution for all net wealth components. The marginal propensity to consume out of financial assets tends to be higher compared with the effect of housing assets, except in the top of the wealth distribution. Consumption is less sensitive to the value of the main residence than to other housing assets. We also investigate the heterogeneity arising from indebtedness and from the role of housing assets as collateral. JEL Classification: D12, E21, C21

Suggested Citation

  • Savignac, Frédérique & Arrondel, Luc & Lamarche, Pierre, 2015. "Wealth effects on consumption across the wealth distribution: empirical evidence," Working Paper Series 1817, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20151817
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    Cited by:

    1. Zongxia Liang & Xiaodong Luo & Fengyi Yuan, 2022. "Consumption-investment decisions with endogenous reference point and drawdown constraint," Papers 2204.00530, arXiv.org, revised Nov 2022.
    2. Le Blanc, Julia & Lydon, Reamonn, 2019. "Indebtedness and spending: What happens when the music stops?," Research Technical Papers 14/RT/19, Central Bank of Ireland.
    3. Özlem Onaran & Cem Oyvat & Eurydice Fotopoulou, 2019. "The effects of gender inequality, wages, wealth concentration and fiscal policy on macroeconomic performance," FMM Working Paper 50-2019, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    4. Atif Mian & Ludwig Straub & Amir Sufi, 2021. "Indebted Demand," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, President and Fellows of Harvard College, vol. 136(4), pages 2243-2307.
    5. Thomas F. Crossley & Peter Levell & Stavros Poupakis, 2022. "Regression with an imputed dependent variable," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 37(7), pages 1277-1294, November.
    6. Dunz, Nepomuk & Naqvi, Asjad & Monasterolo, Irene, 2021. "Climate sentiments, transition risk, and financial stability in a stock-flow consistent model," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    7. Daniel Garcia-Macia, 2021. "Household Wealth and Resilience to Financial Shocks in Italy," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 17(3), pages 241-272, September.
    8. Engel, Janina & Riera, Pau Gayà & Grilli, Joseph & Sola, Pierre, 2022. "Developing reconciled quarterly distributional national wealth – insight into inequality and wealth structures," Working Paper Series 2687, European Central Bank.
    9. de Bondt, Gabe & Gieseck, Arne & Zekaite, Zivile & Herrero, Pablo, 2019. "Disaggregate income and wealth effects in the largest euro area countries," Working Paper Series 2343, European Central Bank.
    10. Ali Alichi & Mr. Kory Kantenga & Mr. Juan Sole, 2016. "Income Polarization in the United States," IMF Working Papers 2016/121, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Guerrieri, Cinzia & Mendicino, Caterina, 2018. "Wealth effects in the euro area," Working Paper Series 2157, European Central Bank.
    12. Nicolas Albacete & Peter Lindner, 2017. "How strong is the wealth channel of monetary policy transmission? A microeconometric evaluation for Austria," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q2/17, pages 32-53.
    13. Hou, Zhezhi & Jin, Man & Kumbhakar, Subal C., 2020. "Productivity spillovers and human capital: A semiparametric varying coefficient approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 287(1), pages 317-330.
    14. C. Labonne & C. Welter-Nicol, 2015. "MERCURE : Cheap Credit, Unaffordable Houses?," Débats économiques et financiers 20, Banque de France.
    15. Janusz Jabłonowski, 2021. "MPC out of Augmented Wealth in Poland," Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, vol. 13(3), pages 253-286, September.
    16. Yixiao Zhou & Rod Tyers & Damian Lenzo, 2022. "Debt, Inflation and the Shape of the Global Pandemic Recovery," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 22-03, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
    17. Dimitrios Sideris & Georgia Pavlou, 2021. "Disaggregate income and wealth effects on private consumption in Greece," Working Papers 293, Bank of Greece.
    18. Kacper Grejcz & Zbigniew Żółkiewski, 2017. "Household wealth in Poland: the results of a new survey of household finance," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 48(3), pages 295-326.
    19. Frédérique Savignac, 2017. "Do wealth inequalities have an impact on consumption?," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 42, april..
    20. Pedro S. Amaral, 2017. "Monetary Policy and Inequality," Economic Commentary, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue January.
    21. Francisco Camões & Sofia Vale, 2020. "I feel wealthy: A major determinant of Portuguese households’ indebtedness?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 58(4), pages 1953-1978, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    consumption; household survey; Marginal propensity to consume out of wealth; Policy distributive effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models

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