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Low Frequency Effects of Macroeconomic News on Government Bond Yields

Author

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  • Carlo Altavilla
  • Domenico Giannone
  • Michèle Modugno

Abstract

This study analyzes the reaction of the U.S. Treasury bond market to innovations in macroeconomic fundamentals. We identify these innovations with macroeconomic news, defined as differences between the actual releases and their market expectations. We show that macroeconomic news explain about one-third of the low frequency (quarterly) fluctuations of long-term bond yields. When focusing on the high frequency (daily) movements this share decreases to one-tenth. This result is due to the fact that macro news have a persistent effect on the yield curve. Non-fundamental factors, instead, substantially influence the day-to-day movements of bond yields but their effects are shorter-living and mean-reverting.
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Suggested Citation

  • Carlo Altavilla & Domenico Giannone & Michèle Modugno, 2014. "Low Frequency Effects of Macroeconomic News on Government Bond Yields," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2014-34, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:eca:wpaper:2013/174573
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Fabio Spagnolo & Nicola Spagnolo, 2014. "Macro News and Bond Yield Spreads in the Euro Area," CESifo Working Paper Series 5008, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Bok, Brandyn & Caratelli, Daniele & Giannone, Domenico & Sbordone, Argia M. & Tambalotti, Andrea, 2017. "Macroeconomic nowcasting and forecasting with big data," Staff Reports 830, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    3. Guido Bulligan & Davide Delle Monache, 2018. "Financial markets effects of ECB unconventional monetary policy announcements," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 424, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    4. Miranda-Agrippino, Silvia, 2016. "Unsurprising shocks: information, Premia, and the Monetary Transmission," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86234, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Schlepper, Kathi, 2016. "High-frequency trading in the Bund futures market," Discussion Papers 15/2016, Deutsche Bundesbank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    macroeconomic announcement; news; treasury bond yield;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E47 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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