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On the efficiency of monetary and fiscal policy in open economies

Author

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  • Chan Wang

    (CEMA, Central University of Finance and Economics)

  • Heng-fu Zou

    (CEMA, Central University of Finance and Economics)

Abstract

This paper investigates the efficiency of monetary and fiscal policy in a two-country general equilibrium model with monopolistic competition and wage stickiness. When monopoly distortions are completely eliminated, we find that stochastic government spending can affect the efficiency of the global monetary policy that replicates the real allocation under flexible wages. When the stochastic government spending is present, we find that the monopoly distortions can also affect the efficiency of the global monetary policy that replicates the real allocation under flexible wages. The combination of proportional subsidy policies used to completely eliminate monopoly distortions and the monetary policy replicating the real allocation under flexible wages can be improved after we introduce the stochastic government spending. Fiscal policy is found to be unable to replicate the real allocation under flexible wages.

Suggested Citation

  • Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2012. "On the efficiency of monetary and fiscal policy in open economies," CEMA Working Papers 534, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:cuf:wpaper:534
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    Cited by:

    1. Gong Liutang & Wang Chan & Zou Heng-Fu, 2020. "Optimal monetary policy in a model of vertical production and trade with reference currency," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 20(1), pages 1-21, January.
    2. Liutang Gong & Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2017. "Optimal Exchange-Rate Policy in a Model of Local-Currency Pricing with Vertical Production and Trade," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 125-147, February.
    3. Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2013. "Optimal monetary and tariff policy in open economies," CEMA Working Papers 587, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    4. Gong, Liutang & Wang, Chan & Zou, Heng-fu, 2016. "Optimal monetary policy with international trade in intermediate inputs," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 140-165.
    5. Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2015. "Optimal Monetary Policy Under a Global Dollar Standard: The Effect of Vertical Trade and Production," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 121-137, February.
    6. Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2013. "Optimal monetary policy in open economies: the role of reference currency in vertical production and trade," CEMA Working Papers 586, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    New open-economy macroeconomics; Efficiency of global monetary policy; Stochastic government spending; Monopoly distortions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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