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Monetary policy in the open economy revisited: The case for exchange-rate flexibility restored

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  • Duarte, Margarida
  • Obstfeld, Maurice

Abstract

This paper revisits the sticky-price pricing-to-market model of Devereux and Engel [Devereux, M.B., Engel, C., 2003. Monetary policy in the open economy revisited: price setting and exchange-rate flexibility. Review of Economic Studies 70(4), 765-783], in which fixed exchange rates are optimal even in the face of country-specific nonmonetary shocks. We show that this result hinges critically on the Devereux-Engel model's prediction that international consumption levels are perfectly synchronized under flexible prices. Realistic modifications of the model that produce nonsynchronous consumption movements - such as, the presence of nontraded goods - upset the fixed exchange rate prescription even in the absence of an expenditure-switching role of exchange rate changes.

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  • Duarte, Margarida & Obstfeld, Maurice, 2008. "Monetary policy in the open economy revisited: The case for exchange-rate flexibility restored," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 949-957, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:27:y:2008:i:6:p:949-957
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