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International Dimensions of Optimal Monetary Policy

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  • Corsetti, Giancarlo
  • Pesenti, Paolo

Abstract

This Paper provides a baseline general-equilibrium model of optimal monetary policy among interdependent economies with monopolistic firms and nominal rigidities. An inward-looking policy of complete domestic output stabilization is not optimal when firms' markups are exposed to currency fluctuations. Such policy raises exchange rate volatility, leading foreign exporters to charge higher prices vis-a-vis the increased uncertainty in the export market. As higher import prices reduce the purchasing power of domestic consumers, optimal monetary rules trade off a larger domestic output gap against lower consumer prices. Optimal rules in a world Nash equilibrium lead to less exchange rate volatility relative to both inward-looking rules and discretionary policies, even when the latter do not suffer from any inflationary (or deflationary) bias. Gains from international monetary cooperation are related in a non-monotonic way to the degree of exchange rate pass-through.

Suggested Citation

  • Corsetti, Giancarlo & Pesenti, Paolo, 2002. "International Dimensions of Optimal Monetary Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 3349, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3349
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    exchange rate pass-through; international cooperation; nominal rigidities; optimal yclical monetary policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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