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Incomplete Pass-Through and the Welfare Effects of Exchange Rate Variability

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  • Sutherland, Alan

Abstract

This Paper considers the implications of incomplete exchange rate pass-through for optimal monetary and exchange rate policy. A two-country model is presented which allows an explicit derivation of welfare functions in terms of a weighted sum of the second moments of producer prices and the nominal exchange rate. From a single country perspective the optimal exchange rate variance depends on the degree of pass-through, the size and openness of the economy, the elasticity of labour supply and the volatility of foreign producer prices. The optimal coordinated equilibrium can be supported by requiring national central banks to minimize loss functions, which are a weighted sum of the variances of producer prices and the exchange rate, where the weight on the exchange rate variance depends on the degree of pass-through.

Suggested Citation

  • Sutherland, Alan, 2002. "Incomplete Pass-Through and the Welfare Effects of Exchange Rate Variability," CEPR Discussion Papers 3431, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3431
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    exchange rate variability; monetary policy; pass-through;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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