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Why Do Consumer Prices React Less Than Import Prices to Exchange Rates?

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  • Philippe Bacchetta

    (Study Center Gerzensee, University of Lausanne, Center for Economic Policy Research,)

  • Eric van Wincoop

    (University of Virginia, National Bureau of Economic Research,)

Abstract

It is well known that the extent of pass-through of exchange rate changes to consumer prices is much lower than to import prices. One explanation is local distribution costs. Here we consider an alternative, complementary explanation based on the optimal pricing strategies of firms. We consider a model where foreign exporting firms sell intermediate goods to domestic firms. Domestic firms assemble the imported intermediate goods and sell final goods to consumers. When domestic firms face significant competition from other domestic final goods producing sectors (e.g., the nontraded goods sector) we show that they prefer to price in domestic currency, while exporting firms tend to price in the exporter's currency. In that case the pass-through to import prices is complete, while the pass-through to consumer prices is zero. (JEL: F31, F41) Copyright (c) 2003 The European Economic Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Bacchetta & Eric van Wincoop, 2003. "Why Do Consumer Prices React Less Than Import Prices to Exchange Rates?," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(2-3), pages 662-670, 04/05.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:jeurec:v:1:y:2003:i:2-3:p:662-670
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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