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On the efficiency of monetary and fiscal policy in open economies

Author

Listed:
  • Chan Wang

    (China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics)

  • Heng-fu Zou

    (Institute for Advanced Study, Wuhan University
    Institute for Advanced Study, Shenzhen University)

Abstract

This paper investigates the effciency of monetary and fiscal policy in a two-country general equilibrium model with monopolistic competition and wage stickiness. When monopoly distortions are completely eliminated, we find that stochastic government spending can affect the efficiency of global monetary policy rules that replicate the real allocations under flexible wages under some conditions. When stochastic government spending is present, unlike Obstfeld and Rogoff (2000), we find that the monopoly distortions can also affect the efficiency of global monetary policy rules that replicate the real allocations under flexible wages when the same conditions as the above-mentioned are satisfied. The combination of proportional subsidy policies used to completely eliminate monopoly distortions and the monetary policy rules replicating the real allocations under flexible wages, contrary to Obstfeld and Rogoff (2000), can't achieve utility level under competitive equilibrium in our settings. Fiscal policy is found to be unable to replicate the real allocation under flexible wages.

Suggested Citation

  • Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2013. "On the efficiency of monetary and fiscal policy in open economies," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 14(1), pages 179-206, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:cuf:journl:y:2013:v:14:i:1:wang:zou
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gong, Liutang & Wang, Chan & Zou, Heng-fu, 2016. "Optimal monetary policy with international trade in intermediate inputs," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 140-165.
    2. Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2015. "Optimal Monetary Policy Under a Global Dollar Standard: The Effect of Vertical Trade and Production," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 121-137, February.
    3. Liutang Gong & Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2017. "Optimal Exchange-Rate Policy in a Model of Local-Currency Pricing with Vertical Production and Trade," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 125-147, February.
    4. Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2013. "Optimal monetary and tariff policy in open economies," CEMA Working Papers 587, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    5. Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2013. "Optimal monetary policy in open economies: the role of reference currency in vertical production and trade," CEMA Working Papers 586, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    New open-economy macroeconomics; Effciency of global monetary policy rules; Stochastic government spending; Monopoly distortions;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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