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Contagion versus flight to quality in financial markets

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  • Gonzalo, Jesús
  • Olmo, José

Abstract

None doubts that financial markets are related (interdependent). What is not so clear is whether there exists contagion among them or not, its intensity, and its causal direction. The aim of this paper is to define properly the term contagion (different from interdependence) and to present a formal test for its existence, the magnitude of its intensity, and for its direction. Our definition of contagion lies on tail dependence measures and it is made operational through its equivalence with some copula properties. In order to do that, we define a NEW copula, a variant of the Gumbel type, that is sufficiently flexible to describe different patterns of dependence, as well as being able to model asymmetric effects of the analyzed variables (something not allowed with the standard copula models). Finally, we estimate our copula model to test the intensity and the direction of the extreme causality between bonds and stocks markets (in particular, the flight to quality phenomenon) during crises periods. We find evidence of a substitution effect between Dow Jones Corporate Bonds Index with 2 years maturity and Dow Jones Stock Price Index when one of them is through distress periods. On the contrary, if both are going through crises periods a contagion effect is observed. The analysis of the corresponding 30 years maturity bonds with the stock market reflects independent effects of the shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Gonzalo, Jesús & Olmo, José, 2005. "Contagion versus flight to quality in financial markets," UC3M Working papers. Economics we051810, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
  • Handle: RePEc:cte:werepe:we051810
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. P. Hartmann & S. Straetmans & C. G. de Vries, 2004. "Asset Market Linkages in Crisis Periods," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(1), pages 313-326, February.
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    3. Granger, Clive W.J. & Teräsvirta, Timo & Patton, Andrew J, 2002. "Common Factors in Conditional Distributions," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt3bd1n1x5, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
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    5. Kristin J. Forbes & Roberto Rigobon, 2002. "No Contagion, Only Interdependence: Measuring Stock Market Comovements," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 57(5), pages 2223-2261, October.
    6. François Longin, 2001. "Extreme Correlation of International Equity Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(2), pages 649-676, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:oup:jfinec:v:15:y:2017:i:1:p:139-171. is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Felices, Guillermo & Grisse, Christian & Yang, Jing, 2009. "International financial transmission: emerging and mature markets," Bank of England working papers 373, Bank of England.
    3. Kallenberg, Wilbert C.M., 2008. "Modelling dependence," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 127-146, February.
    4. Paulo Horta & Carlos Mendes & Isabel Vieira, 2008. "Contagion effects of the US Subprime Crisis on Developed Countries," CEFAGE-UE Working Papers 2008_08, University of Evora, CEFAGE-UE (Portugal).
    5. Dirk G. Baur & Brian M. Lucey, 2010. "Is Gold a Hedge or a Safe Haven? An Analysis of Stocks, Bonds and Gold," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 45(2), pages 217-229, May.
    6. Francine Gresnigt & Erik Kole & Philip Hans Franses, 2017. "Specification Testing in Hawkes Models," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 15(1), pages 139-171.
    7. Silvapulle, Param & Fenech, Jean Pierre & Thomas, Alice & Brooks, Rob, 2016. "Determinants of sovereign bond yield spreads and contagion in the peripheral EU countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 83-92.
    8. Craig S. Hakkio & William R. Keeton, 2009. "Financial stress: what is it, how can it be measured, and why does it matter?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q II, pages 5-50.
    9. Dirk G. Baur, 2010. "Stock-bond co-movements and cross-country linkages," International Journal of Banking, Accounting and Finance, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(2), pages 111-129.
    10. Baur, Dirk G. & Lucey, Brian M., 2009. "Flights and contagion--An empirical analysis of stock-bond correlations," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 339-352, December.
    11. Chiu-Lan Chang & Paul L. Hsueh, 2013. "An Investigation of the Flight-to-Quality Effect: Evidence from Asia-Pacific Countries," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(S4), pages 53-69, September.

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