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Limited Asset Market Participation and the Consumption-Real Exchange Rate Anomaly

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  • Kollmann, Robert

Abstract

Under efficient consumption risk sharing, as assumed in standard international business cycle models, a country’s aggregate consumption rises relative to foreign consumption, when the country’s real exchange rate depreciates. Yet, empirically, relative consumption and the real exchange rate are essentially uncorrelated. I show that this ‘consumption-real exchange rate anomaly’ can be explained by a simple model in which a subset of households trade in complete financial markets, while the remaining households lead hand-to-mouth (HTM) lives. HTM behavior also generates greater volatility of the real exchange rate and of net exports, which likewise brings the model closer to the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Kollmann, Robert, 2009. "Limited Asset Market Participation and the Consumption-Real Exchange Rate Anomaly," CEPR Discussion Papers 7452, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7452
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    consumption; hand to mouth consumers; limited asset market participation; real exchange rate;

    JEL classification:

    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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