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Welfare Effects of a Monetary Union: The Role of Trade Openness

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  • Robert Kollmann

    (University of Bonn and CEPR,)

Abstract

This paper evaluates the welfare effects of a monetary union (MU), compared to a floating exchange rate regime, using a quantitative business cycle model of a two-country world with sticky prices. It is assumed that, under a float, there are shocks to the uncovered interest rate parity (UIP) condition. These shocks are shown to have a negative effect on welfare-the detrimental effect is stronger, the higher the degree of trade openness. A MU eliminates UIP shocks, and it may thus raise welfare. The welfare gain from MU is positively linked to openness. (JEL: E4, F3, F4) Copyright (c) 2004 The European Economic Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Kollmann, 2004. "Welfare Effects of a Monetary Union: The Role of Trade Openness," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 2(2-3), pages 289-301, 04/05.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:jeurec:v:2:y:2004:i:2-3:p:289-301
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    20. repec:hrv:faseco:34721962 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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