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International Risk Sharing with Endogenously Segmented Asset Markets

  • Simona E. Cociuba

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas)

  • Ananth Ramanarayanan

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas)

Asset price data imply a large degree international risk sharing, while aggregate consumption data do not. We evaluate how well a model with fixed costs of exchanging money for assets can account for this discrepancy. In our model, households receive idiosyncratic income shocks, and only a fraction of households adjust their asset holdings each period. These households share risk within and across countries, and their marginal utilities price assets, so asset prices imply high international risk sharing. Inactive households do not share risk, so aggregate consumption reflects low risk sharing. Quantitatively, this mechanism depends on the degree of asset market segmentation, which we choose so that the cross-sectional dispersion of consumption relative to income matches that in US data.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2011 Meeting Papers with number 853.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed011:853
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Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA

Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/
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  1. Narayana R. Kocherlakota & Luigi Pistaferri, 2006. "Household heterogeneity and real exchange rates," Staff Report 372, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  2. Dirk Krueger & Fabrizio Perri, 2006. "Does Income Inequality Lead to Consumption Inequality? Evidence and Theory -super-1," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 73(1), pages 163-193.
  3. Kollmann, Robert, 2010. "Limited asset market participation and the consumption-real exchange rate anomaly," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 41, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  4. Erzo G. J. Luttmer, 1999. "What Level of Fixed Costs Can Reconcile Consumption and Stock Returns?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(5), pages 969-997, October.
  5. Fernando Alvarez & Andrew Atkeson & Patrick J. Kehoe, 2000. "Money, interest rates, and exchange rates with endogenously segmented markets," Staff Report 278, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  6. Harold L. Cole & Maurice Obstfeld, 1989. "Commodity Trade and International Risk Sharing: How Much Do Financial Markets Matter?," NBER Working Papers 3027, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Alan C. Stockman & Linda L. Tesar, 1990. "Tastes and Technology in a Two-Country Model of the Business Cycle: Explaining International Comovements," NBER Working Papers 3566, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. William J. Baumol, 1952. "The Transactions Demand for Cash: An Inventory Theoretic Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 66(4), pages 545-556.
  9. Brandt, Michael W. & Cochrane, John H. & Santa-Clara, Pedro, 2006. "International risk sharing is better than you think, or exchange rates are too smooth," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(4), pages 671-698, May.
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