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Quantifying Quantitative Literacy: Age Heaping and the History of Human Capital

  • A'Hearn, Brian
  • Baten, Jörg
  • Crayen, Dorothee

Age data frequently display excess frequencies at attractive numbers, such as multiples of five. We use this "age heaping" to measure cognitive ability in quantitative reasoning, or "numeracy". We construct a database of age heaping estimates with exceptional geographic and temporal coverage, and demonstrate a robust correlation of literacy and numeracy, where both can be observed. Extending the temporal and geographic range of our knowledge of human capital, we show that Western Europe had already diverged from the East and reached high numeracy levels by 1600, long before the rise of mass schooling or the onset of industrialization.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7277.

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Date of creation: Apr 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7277
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  1. Samuel Preston & Irma Elo & Ira Rosenwaike & Mark Hill, 1996. "African-american mortality at older ages: Results of a matching study," Demography, Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 193-209, May.
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