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Global Trends in Numeracy 1820-1949 and its Implications for Long-Run Growth

  • Jörg Baten
  • Dorothee Crayen

This study is the first to explore long-run trends of numeracy for the 1820-1949 period in 165 countries, and its contribution to growth. Estimates of the long-run numeracy development of most countries in Asia, the Middle East, Africa, America, and Europe are presented, using age-heaping techniques. Assessing the determinants of numeracy, we find school enrolment as well as Chinese instruments of number learning to have been particularly important. We also study the contribution of numeracy as measured by the age-heaping strategy for long-run economic growth. In a variety of specifications, numeracy mattered quite strongly for growth patterns around the globe.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 2218.

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Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_2218
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  15. Long, Jason, 2006. "The Socioeconomic Return to Primary Schooling in Victorian England," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 66(04), pages 1026-1053, December.
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