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UDROP: A Small Contribution to the New International Financial Architecture

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  • Buiter, Willem H.
  • Sibert, Anne

Abstract

The purpose of the UDROP proposal is to prevent debt rollover crises for foreign-currency-denominated debt instruments. For such liabilities, there is no international analogue to the domestic lender of last resort or to domestic deposit insurance. UDROP stands for Universal Debt Rollover Option with a Penalty. Our proposal is that all foreign currency loans should have a rollover option attached to them. The 'pure' version of the option would entitle the borrower to extend or roll-over his performing debt at maturity for a specified period. The pricing of the option would be left to the contracting parties. A number of variants on the basic version are also considered. These make the individual borrower's ability to exercise his option contingent on the prior declaration of a state of 'disorderly markets', by the national central bank, the International Monetary Fund or an indicator of 'disorderly markets'. All versions of the scheme have the property that no commitment of public money is required, either by national governments or by international agencies such as the IMF or the World Bank. The UDROP proposal is rule based and general: it is mandatory for all foreign-currency debt and automatic. That is, it is exercised at the discretion of the borrower. This stands in sharp contrast to the current practice of discretionary and politicised refinancing arrangements cobbled together in an ad-hoc manner on a case-by-case basis by the IMF. UDROP is market-oriented: the terms and conditions on any foreign-currency loan and associated roll-over option would be negotiated by the lenders and borrowers.

Suggested Citation

  • Buiter, Willem H. & Sibert, Anne, 1999. "UDROP: A Small Contribution to the New International Financial Architecture," CEPR Discussion Papers 2138, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2138
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    Cited by:

    1. Aizenman, Joshua, 2003. "Reforming the global financial system," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt0cg1r6q8, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
    2. Eduardo Fernández-Arias & Ricardo Hausmann, 2000. "Getting it Right: What to Reform in International Financial Markets," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 3952, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Ricardo Hausmann & Eduardo Fernández-Arias, 2000. "¿Qué hay de malo con los mercados financieros internacionales?," Research Department Publications 4226, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Luisa Lambertini, 2001. "Volatility and Sovereign Default," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 577, Boston College Department of Economics.
    5. Benjamin Martin & Adrian Penalver, 2003. "The effect of payments standstills on yields and the maturity structure of international debt," Bank of England working papers 184, Bank of England.
    6. Eduardo Fernández-Arias & Ricardo Hausmann, 2000. "The Redesign of the International Financial Architecture from a Latin American Perspective: Who Pays the Bill?," Research Department Publications 4245, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    7. Barry Eichengreen & Ricardo Hausmann, 1999. "Exchange rates and financial fragility," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 329-368.
    8. Olivier Jeanne, 2009. "Debt Maturity and the International Financial Architecture," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(5), pages 2135-2148, December.
    9. Bordo, Michael D. & Schwartz, Anna J., 2000. "Measuring real economic effects of bailouts: historical perspectives on how countries in financial distress have fared with and without bailouts," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 81-167, December.
    10. Patrick Bolton, 2003. "Toward a Statutory Approach to Sovereign Debt Restructuring; Lessons From Corporate Bankruptcy Practice Around the World," IMF Working Papers 03/13, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Miller, Marcus & Zhang, Lei, 2000. "Sovereign Liquidity Crises: The Strategic Case for a Payments Standstill," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(460), pages 335-362, January.
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    13. Ricardo Hausmann & Eduardo Fernández-Arias, 2000. "What's Wrong with International Financial Markets?," Research Department Publications 4225, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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    16. Williamson, John, 2003. "Proposals for curbing the boom-bust cycle in the supply of capital to emerging markets," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1791, November.
    17. Jeffrey A. Frankel & Nouriel Roubini, 2001. "The Role of Industrial Country Policies in Emerging Market Crises," NBER Working Papers 8634, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Obregon, Carlos, 2018. "Globalization misguided views," MPRA Paper 85813, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Ricardo Hausmann & Eduardo Fernández-Arias, 2000. "Cómo hacerlo bien: qué reformar en los mercados financieros internacionales," Research Department Publications 4224, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    20. Obregon, Carlos, 2018. "Globalización visiones equivocadas
      [Globalization misguided views]
      ," MPRA Paper 86396, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Charles Goodhart, 1999. "Myths About the Lender of Last Resort," FMG Special Papers sp120, Financial Markets Group.
    22. Boyer, Robert, 1999. "Two challenges for the twenty-first century: achieving financial discipline and putting the internationalization process in order," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    23. Eduardo Fernández-Arias & Ricardo Hausmann, 2000. "El rediseño de la arquitectura financiera internacional desde la perspectiva latinoamericana: ¿quién paga la cuenta?," Research Department Publications 4246, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    24. Kenneth Kletzer, 2003. "Sovereign Bond Restructuring; Collective Action Clauses and official Crisis Intervention," IMF Working Papers 03/134, International Monetary Fund.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Contingent Credit Line; Disorderly Markets; Foreign Debt Rollover Option; Liquidity Crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing

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