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Which Sanctions Matter? Analysis of the EU/Russian Sanctions of 2014


  • Hanousek, Jan
  • BÄ›lín, MatÄ›j


In this paper we use a natural experiment of reciprocal imposition of trade sanctions by Russia and the EU since 2014. Using UNCTAD/BACI bilateral flows data we take this unique opportunity to analyse both sanctions. In particular, we study the effectiveness of narrow versus broadly defined sanctions, and differences in the effectiveness of sanctions imposed on exports and imports. We show that the Russian sanctions imposed on European and American food imports resulted in about 8 times stronger decline in trade flows than those imposed by the EU and the US on exports of extraction equipment. These results do not appear to be driven by diversion of trade flows via non-sanctioning countries. Hence the difference in sanctions' effectiveness can be attributed to the broader range of sanctioned goods and potentially to a stronger position of enforcement of sanctions on imports rather than exports.

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  • Hanousek, Jan & BÄ›lín, MatÄ›j, 2019. "Which Sanctions Matter? Analysis of the EU/Russian Sanctions of 2014," CEPR Discussion Papers 13549, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13549

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hutter, Christian & Weber, Enzo, 2023. "Russia–Ukraine war: A note on short-run production and labour market effects of the energy crisis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 183(C).
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    3. Korhonen, I., 2019. "Sanctions and Counter-Sanctions - What Are their Economic Effects in Russia and Elsewhere?," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 43(3), pages 184-190.
    4. Mikhail Mamonov & Anna Pestova & Steven Ongena, 2023. "'Crime and Punishment'? How Banks Anticipate and Propagate Global Financial Sanctions," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 23-59, Swiss Finance Institute.
    5. Iikka Korhonen, 2020. "Economic Sanctions on Russia and Their Effects," CESifo Forum, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 20(04), pages 19-22, January.
    6. Pestova, Anna & Mamonov, Mikhail, 2019. "Should we care? : The economic effects of financial sanctions on the Russian economy," BOFIT Discussion Papers 13/2019, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    7. Jarko Fidrmuc & Serhiy Moroz & Fabian Reck, 2021. "Regional risk-sharing in Ukraine," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 48(3), pages 645-660, August.
    8. Simola, Heli, 2023. "What the literature says about the effects of sanctions on Russia," BOFIT Policy Briefs 8/2023, Bank of Finland Institute for Emerging Economies (BOFIT).
    9. Pestova, Anna & Mamonov, Mikhail, 2019. "Should we care? The economic effects of financial sanctions on the Russian economy," BOFIT Discussion Papers 13/2019, Bank of Finland Institute for Emerging Economies (BOFIT).
    10. El-Shagi, Makram & Fidrmuc, Jarko & Yamarik, Steven, 2020. "Inequality and credit growth in Russian regions," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 550-558.
    11. repec:zbw:bofitp:2020_025 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. N. Kundan Kishor & Salome Giorgadze, 2022. "Business cycle synchronization in the CIS region," Economics of Transition and Institutional Change, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 30(1), pages 135-158, January.
    13. Raymond Fisman & April Knill & Sergey Mityakov & Margarita Portnykh, 2022. "Political Beta [The impact of the 2018 tariffs on prices and welfare]," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 26(5), pages 1179-1215.
    14. Barseghyan, Gayane, 2019. "Sanctions and counter-sanctions : What did they do?," BOFIT Discussion Papers 24/2019, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    15. Nguyen, Trung Thanh & Do, Manh Hung, 2021. "Impact of economic sanctions and counter-sanctions on the Russian Federation’s trade," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 267-278.
    16. Jarko Fidrmuc & Serhiy Moroz & Fabian Reck, 2021. "Regional risk-sharing in Ukraine," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 48(3), pages 645-660, August.
    17. Meyer, Klaus E. & Fang, Tony & Panibratov, Andrei Y. & Peng, Mike W. & Gaur, Ajai, 2023. "International business under sanctions," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 58(2).
    18. Alexandra Lukyanova & Ayaz Zeynalov, 2022. "Russian Agricultural Industry under Sanction Wars," Papers 2211.09205,, revised Nov 2022.
    19. Anna Miromanova, 2023. "Quantifying the trade‐reducing effect of embargoes: Firm‐level evidence from Russia," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 56(3), pages 1121-1160, August.
    20. Zhou, Peng & Guo, Dong, 2023. "Sanctions, Co-sanctions, and Counter-sanctions: A Multilateral, Evolutionary Game among Three Global Powers," Cardiff Economics Working Papers E2023/28, Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School, Economics Section.
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    More about this item


    Russia; International trade; Sanctions; Differences-in-differences; Bilateral trade flows; Unctad/baci data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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