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The free movement of services within the EU


  • Henk Kox


  • Arjan Lejour


  • Raymond Montizaan



Intra-European trade in services is hampered by national regulatory differences for service markets. The European Commission has proposed a new directive to overcome these regulatory barriers. This document assesses the effects of this new directive on trade and investment in services. Read also the accompanying press release . We have developed an index for bilateral heterogeneity in product-market regulation, and apply it to the OECD Regulation Database. We show that the heterogeneity in regulation hampers bilateral service trade in the EU, and also bilateral direct investment. We investigate how the proposed EU directive could lower the intra-EU heterogeneity in product market regulation for services, and what effect this would have on bilateral trade and investment in the Internal Market for services. We find that commercial services trade in the EU might increase by 15-30%, while the foreign direct investment stock in services might rise by 20-35%.

Suggested Citation

  • Henk Kox & Arjan Lejour & Raymond Montizaan, 2004. "The free movement of services within the EU," CPB Document 69, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpb:docmnt:69

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L5 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy
    • L8 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services

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