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Who’s Afraid of a Globalized World? Foreign Direct Investments, Local Knowledge and Allocation of Talents

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We study the distributional effects of globalization within a model of heterogeneous agents where both managerial talent and knowledge of the local economic environment are required in order to set up a firm in a given country. Therefore, agents willing to set up a firm in a foreign country need to incur a learning cost that depends on how different is the foreign entrepreneurial environments from the domestic one. In this context, we show that globalization fosters FDI and raises wages, output and productivity. Moreover, it benefits workers and highly talented multinational entrepreneurs, while harming low-ability domestic producers. The effects of openness follow from highly efficient foreign entrepreneurs driving inefficient local firms out of the market. We provide empirical evidence consistent with the implications of the model, showing a significant negative effect of the distance between nationwide regulations indexes on bilateral FDI flows.

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  • Giovanni Pica & José V. Rodríguez Mora, 2007. "Who’s Afraid of a Globalized World? Foreign Direct Investments, Local Knowledge and Allocation of Talents," CSEF Working Papers 184, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy, revised 05 Oct 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:sef:csefwp:184
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    Cited by:

    1. Busse, Matthias & Königer, Jens & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2008. "FDI Promotion through Bilateral Investment Treaties More Than a Bit," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Zurich 2008 4, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    2. Anders C. Johansson & Dan Liu, 2020. "Foreign direct investment and inequality: Evidence from China's policy change," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(6), pages 1647-1664, June.
    3. Busse, Matthias & Groizard Cardosa, José Luis, 2006. "FDI, Regulations and Growth," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2006 6, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    4. Marco Pagano & Giovanni Pica, 2012. "Finance and employment [Credit constraints as a barrier to the entry and post-entry growth of firms]," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 27(69), pages 5-55.
    5. Cabral, René & García-Díaz, Rocío & Mollick, André Varella, 2016. "Does globalization affect top income inequality?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 916-940.
    6. Onur Özdemir, 2020. "The handicap for enhanced solidarity across advanced economies: The greater the economic openness higher the unequal distribution of income," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 91(4), pages 585-632, December.
    7. Gjilda Alimhilli Prendushi, 2017. "Verbal Groups of Telic Action in Albanian Language," European Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies Articles, Revistia Research and Publishing, vol. 2, January A.
    8. Kuehn, Zoe, 2014. "The rise or the fall of the wall? Determinants of low entrepreneurship in East Germany," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2014/03, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
    9. Pica, Giovanni & Rodríguez Mora, José V., 2011. "Who's afraid of a globalized world? Foreign Direct Investments, local knowledge and allocation of talents," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 86-101, September.
    10. Matthias Busse & José Luis Groizard, 2008. "Foreign Direct Investment, Regulations and Growth," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(7), pages 861-886, July.
    11. Valkonen, Laura, 2006. "Deregulation as a Means to Increase Competition and Productivity," Discussion Papers 1014, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

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    Keywords

    Multinational Firms; Heterogeneous Agents; Policy Harmonization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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