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FDI, Allocation of Talents and Differences in Regulation

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  • Rodríguez Mora, José V
  • Pica, Giovanni

Abstract

This paper presents evidence on the effect of countries proximity in regulation on bilateral FDI flows. By exploiting the OECD International Direct Investment Statistics and data on nationwide regulation levels, we find a significant negative effect of the absolute value of the difference between countries indexes of regulation on the associated bilateral flows of FDIs, controlling for each country regulation level. Motivated by this evidence, we build a model where agents are heterogeneous and differ in their abilities to be entrepreneurs or workers. Entrepreneurs may engage in FDIs, which entails incurring additional fixed costs, one of which is the cost of learning the foreign regulation. In this framework, more similar regulations foster FDI, raise wages, output and productivity. The increase in productivity is the consequence of very efficient foreign entrepreneurs driving out of the market inefficient local firms, improving the allocation of talent in the economy as a whole.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodríguez Mora, José V & Pica, Giovanni, 2005. "FDI, Allocation of Talents and Differences in Regulation," CEPR Discussion Papers 5318, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:5318
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    Cited by:

    1. Busse, Matthias & Königer, Jens & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2008. "FDI Promotion through Bilateral Investment Treaties More Than a Bit," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Zurich 2008 4, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    2. Hsu, Shih-Hsun & Chang, Ching-Cheng & Yang, Tzu-Chiang & Lin, Hsing-Chun & Su, Han-Pang, 2005. "An Ex post Evaluation of Economic Impacts of SARS on Taiwan Using a Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Model," Conference papers 331386, Purdue University, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Global Trade Analysis Project.
    3. Anders C. Johansson & Dan Liu, 2020. "Foreign direct investment and inequality: Evidence from China's policy change," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(6), pages 1647-1664, June.
    4. Busse, Matthias & Groizard, José Luis, 2005. "FDI, Regulations and Growth," Conference papers 331335, Purdue University, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Global Trade Analysis Project.
    5. Marco Pagano & Giovanni Pica, 2012. "Finance and employment [Credit constraints as a barrier to the entry and post-entry growth of firms]," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 27(69), pages 5-55.
    6. Cabral, René & García-Díaz, Rocío & Mollick, André Varella, 2016. "Does globalization affect top income inequality?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 916-940.
    7. Muhammad Ramzan Sheikh & Mehjabeen Ali & Rashid Ahmad & Furrukh Bashir, 2022. "Does Sustainable Development Promote Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan? An ARDL Analysis," iRASD Journal of Economics, International Research Alliance for Sustainable Development (iRASD), vol. 4(4), pages 647-657, December.
    8. Onur Özdemir, 2020. "The handicap for enhanced solidarity across advanced economies: The greater the economic openness higher the unequal distribution of income," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 91(4), pages 585-632, December.
    9. Matthias Busse & Jens Königer & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2010. "FDI promotion through bilateral investment treaties: more than a bit?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 146(1), pages 147-177, April.
    10. Ruzhdie Bici & Mirësi Çela, 2017. "Education as An Important Dimension of the Poverty," European Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies Articles, Revistia Research and Publishing, vol. 2, January A.
    11. Kuehn, Zoe, 2014. "The rise or the fall of the wall? Determinants of low entrepreneurship in East Germany," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2014/03, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
    12. Pica, Giovanni & Rodríguez Mora, José V., 2011. "Who's afraid of a globalized world? Foreign Direct Investments, local knowledge and allocation of talents," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 86-101, September.
    13. Matthias Busse & José Luis Groizard, 2008. "Foreign Direct Investment, Regulations and Growth," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(7), pages 861-886, July.
    14. Valkonen, Laura, 2006. "Deregulation as a Means to Increase Competition and Productivity," Discussion Papers 1014, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multinational firms; Heterogeneous agents; Policy harmonization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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