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¿A quiénes afecta el desempleo? análisis de la tasa de incidencia en Colombia

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  • Nohora Y. Forero Ramírez
  • Andrés Felipe García
  • Juan Carlos Guataquí

Abstract

El análisis de la dimensión de riesgo en el estudio del desempleo, complementa el estudio de aspectos como su tipología, la importancia de la intermediación laboral o la vulnerabilidad de ciertos grupos. En este sentido, la tasa de incidencia representa un indicador compuesto que tiene en cuenta el volumen de desempleados y la persistencia en este estado mediante la incorporación de la duración media del desempleo. El análisis de la tasa de incidencia permite caracterizar de manera más completa a quienes tienen una mayor probabilidad de entrar en el desempleo o permanecer en esta situación. . Se encuentra que en Colombia existen diferencias significativas entre la tasa de desempleo y la tasa de incidencia, lo que implica que la situación del mercado de trabajo no sólo se explica por el efecto que los choques económicos tienen sobre la composición de la oferta y demanda de trabajo sino también por los fenómenos de duración en los diferentes estados laborales. Estos eventos se pueden considerar igualmente importantes para explicar la dinámica de corto y mediano plazo del mercado laboral.****The analysis of the risk dimension of unemployment adds on the study of issues such as its typology (frictional, structural and cyclical), active-search methods and vulnerability to unemployment. On this sense, the incidence rate of unemployment is a composed indicator which combines both the level of unemployment and the persistence of it (its duration). An analytical decomposition of the different features of unemployment incidence allows for a deeper characterization of vulnerability to the likelihood of becoming unemployed and to remain in such state. We find that in the Colombian labour market there are significant differences between the unemployment rate and the incidence rate, which implies that the outcomes of the labour market are not just explained by the effect of aggregate shocks but by the duration effects of the different labour states, which are also important on explaining the short and long run dynamics of the labour market.

Suggested Citation

  • Nohora Y. Forero Ramírez & Andrés Felipe García & Juan Carlos Guataquí, 2008. "¿A quiénes afecta el desempleo? análisis de la tasa de incidencia en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo 004718, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:004718
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Galiani, Sebastian & Hopenhayn, Hugo A., 2003. "Duration and risk of unemployment in Argentina," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 199-212, June.
    2. Galiani, Sebastián & Hopenhayn, Hugo A., 2001. "Duration and Risk of Unemployment in Argentina," Center for International and Development Economics Research, Working Paper Series qt6ff15175, Center for International and Development Economics Research, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Carlos Guataquí Roa & Andrés Felipe García-Suaza, 2009. "Efectos de la reforma laboral:¿más trabajo y menos empleos?," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 27(60), pages 46-79, December.
    2. Gustavo García Cediel & Aurora Inés Gáfaro Rojas & Yohana Bermudez & Diana Páez Ardila & Estefani Prada Villamizar & Freddy Jesús Ruiz Herrera & Pedro Delgado & Guillermo Rincón, 2016. "Caracterización socioeconómica y vocacional de estudiantes de últimos grados de bachillerato en colegios públicos y privados: el caso del à rea Metropolitana de Bucaramanga," Revista Lebret, Universidad Santo Tomás - Bucaramanga, vol. 8, pages 265-289, December.
    3. Andrés Álvarez & Marc Hofstetter, 2014. "Job vacancies in Colombia: 1976–2012," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-11, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tasa de desempleo; búsqueda de empleo; persistencia del desempleo; incidenciadel desempleo;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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