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Efectos de la reforma laboral: ¿más trabajo y menos empleos?

  • Juan Carlos Guataquí

    ()

  • Andrés Felipe García Suaza

    ()

La Reforma Laboral de 2002 apuntó a dos objetivos específicos: implementación de mecanismos de protección social flexibilización laboral. En este documento se analizan algunos de sus efectos haciendo énfasis en la variación de las modalidades de contratación, los cambios en las horas de trabajo demandadas y los efectos en la duración del desempleo. De este análisis se concluye que la Reforma tuvo un efecto intensivo en generar mayor demanda de horas de trabajo pero que sólo tuvo un efecto marginal en la generación de empleo. Por otra parte, la duración del desempleo se redujo en el agregado.********The 2002 Labor Reform was Ahmed to two specific purposes: implementation of social protection measures and labor law flexibilization. On this document we analyze some of the effects of the Reform, with specific emphasis on the potential changes on labor contract modalities, working hours and unemployment duration. From our analysis we conclude that the Reform had an intensive effect (higher demand of working hours) yet it only had a marginal effect over employment. It reduced unemployment duration as well.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 005511.

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Length: 47
Date of creation: 03 May 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000092:005511
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  1. James J. Heckman & Carmen Pagés, 2004. "Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number heck04-1, April.
  2. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Stephen J. Trejo, 2000. "The Demand for Hours of Labor: Direct Evidence from California," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(1), pages 38-47, February.
  3. Carmen Pagés-Serra & James J. Heckman, 2000. "The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets," Research Department Publications 4227, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  4. Orazio Attanasio & Pinelopi Goldberg & Nina Pavcnik, 2003. "Trade Reforms and Wage Inequiality in Colombia," NBER Working Papers 9830, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Guataquí, Juan Carlos & Forero, Nohora & García, Andrés Felipe, 2009. "¿A quiénes afecta el desempleo? Análisis de la tasa de incidencia en Colombia," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE.
  6. Alejandro Gaviria, 2004. "Ley 789 De 2002: ¿Funcionó O No?," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003140, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  7. Juan Carlos Echeverry & Mauricio Santamaria, 2004. "The Political Economy Of Labor Reform In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003618, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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