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Efectos de la reforma laboral: ¿más trabajo y menos empleos?

Author

Listed:
  • Juan Carlos Guataquí

    ()

  • Andrés Felipe García Suaza

    ()

Abstract

La Reforma Laboral de 2002 apuntó a dos objetivos específicos: implementación de mecanismos de protección social flexibilización laboral. En este documento se analizan algunos de sus efectos haciendo énfasis en la variación de las modalidades de contratación, los cambios en las horas de trabajo demandadas y los efectos en la duración del desempleo. De este análisis se concluye que la Reforma tuvo un efecto intensivo en generar mayor demanda de horas de trabajo pero que sólo tuvo un efecto marginal en la generación de empleo. Por otra parte, la duración del desempleo se redujo en el agregado.********The 2002 Labor Reform was Ahmed to two specific purposes: implementation of social protection measures and labor law flexibilization. On this document we analyze some of the effects of the Reform, with specific emphasis on the potential changes on labor contract modalities, working hours and unemployment duration. From our analysis we conclude that the Reform had an intensive effect (higher demand of working hours) yet it only had a marginal effect over employment. It reduced unemployment duration as well.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Carlos Guataquí & Andrés Felipe García Suaza, 2009. "Efectos de la reforma laboral: ¿más trabajo y menos empleos?," Documentos de Trabajo 005511, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:005511
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    File URL: http://repository.urosario.edu.co/bitstream/handle/10336/10941/5511.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James J. Heckman & Carmen Pagés, 2004. "Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number heck04-1, March.
    2. Guataquí, Juan Carlos & Forero, Nohora & García, Andrés Felipe, 2009. "¿A quiénes afecta el desempleo? Análisis de la tasa de incidencia en Colombia," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, July.
    3. Carmen Pagés-Serra, 2000. "The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets," Economía Journal, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2000), pages 109-154, August.
    4. Attanasio, Orazio & Goldberg, Pinelopi K. & Pavcnik, Nina, 2004. "Trade reforms and wage inequality in Colombia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 331-366, August.
    5. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Stephen J. Trejo, 2000. "The Demand for Hours of Labor: Direct Evidence from California," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(1), pages 38-47, February.
    6. Alejandro Gaviria, 2004. "Ley 789 De 2002: ¿Funcion㓠O No?," Documentos CEDE 003140, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    7. Juan Carlos Echeverry & Mauricio Santamaria, 2004. "The Political Economy Of Labor Reform In Colombia," Documentos CEDE 003618, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
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    Cited by:

    1. López-Castaño, Hugo Alberto, 2012. "El mercado laboral colombiano : tendencias de largo plazo," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 2, pages 81-128, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Taborda, Rodrigo & Guataqui, Juan Carlos, 2011. "Manufacturing Employment and Wage Differentials After Structural Adjustment Reforms in Colombia: An Efficiency Wages Approach," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, June.
    3. Ligia Alba Melo & Carlos Andrés Ballesteros, 2013. "Creación, destrucción y reasignación del empleo en el sector manufacturero colombiano," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 15(28), pages 281-311, January-J.
    4. Lanari, María Estela, 2015. "Argentina: las implicaciones de las políticas públicas y la regulación laboral sobre el trabajo 2008-2013," Nülan. Deposited Documents 2460, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    reforma laboral; desempleo; fuerza de trabajo;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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